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Christian Diversity: And the Road to Modernitywhat is one of the major points made about contemporary Christianity?-DiversityWhat are the core aspects?-Trinity (God the father, the son and the Holy Spirit)-Salvation (Christ)-Death and resurrection1.Monotheism (Believe in only one God)2.However, God is one God, yet three persons (Father, Son and Holy)3.Jesus is the Christ4.Jesus is fully human and fully God5.Jesus suffered, died, was buried and rose (resurrection) –Kerygma(Greekfor proclamation)6.And he will come again –Parousia7.Sin; however, this is understood in different waysa.Original Sin – flaw in human will(Human bound to sin because of Adamand Eve)i.Catholicism – Protestantismb.Ancestral Sin – striving for holiness and purity (Tend to make mistake likeour ancestors, Adam and Eve)i.Eastern Orthodoxy – Greek to Russiaii.Oriental Orthodoxy – Egypt (Coptic) –Armenian8.Different views of Soteriology (study of religious doctrines of salvation)a.Jesus as example (Before Jesus, one did not have what human could strifeand achieve)b.Jesus as victor over death/conduit for grace9.Kingdom of GodEarly Christianity: The one central theme of the preaching of JesusSo what would one expect in terms in Christian encounters with Modernity?-Should embrace rational thinking-Some groups are Exclusive (Jesus is the only way) and some areinclusive.Encounter with Modernity1.Protestantism (Major shifts: Galileo (sun at center), this upsets Christianitywhich believes in cosmos)a.Ptolemaic Worldview – Galileo/Science Worldviewb.Creationism (God create the world) versus Darwinism (Theory ofevolution)c.Biblical Criticism
d.Other religions – sociology (look at religion as a function of society) &anthropology (one other system of symbols)e.Psychology – religion (Christianity) as a human projection of the mind.(Fear of death)2.The Fundamentals (1910-1915)a.American (Difficulty between various groups and society)b.Scopes Monkey Trail in 1925(A teacher, Scopes began to teach aboutmodern science and the cosmos and about Darwin and his theory ofevolution; went in trial to sue the school board that fired him. This trialinvolved two great lawyers…Scopes lost the trial but the fundamentalistlost public opinion; many people made fun of the idea of creation; publicsided with the scientists’ side.)3.Social Gospela.Cooperative Commonwealth Foundation – New Democratic partyb.Tommy Douglas, a Baptist Minister(came up with the idea of universalhealth care; he was part of the social gospel)c.Slogan – What would Jesus do?CatholicismFirst Vatican Council – rejection of modernity (1869)Second Vatican Council – modernization of church (1962-65)Jesus as the Son of God

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Term
Fall
Professor
CraigW.C.Ginn

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