Pol 147C u2013 French.docx - Pol 147C French Parliament...

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Pol 147C – French Parliament elects the highest government( (If left winged parties gained power in France, the political system would collapse) political analyst that studied French politics said this ( a concern) Right wing in control by 23 years France Under the Fourth Republic, 1946- 1958 I. France in comparative perspective: the central points of this course. A) France: the precarious “stable” democracy -(If left winged parties gained power in France, the political system would collapse) political analyst that studied French politics said this ( a concern) Right wing in control by 23 years B) France’s evolving constitution: how constitutional chance can address political crises - In late 1950’s French system of government went in a dramatic change in the constitution (most dramatic change since the WWII -France switched from parliamentary democracy to a different political system: premier presidential political system (extremely powerful president was grafted on to this system) -Second change: electoral system from a system known and proportional to a plurality based system - Late 1950’s and early 1960’s (current political system was specifically designed to meet the crises in the late 1950’s ( France was in a verge of a military coup) designed to solve the problem of this crises C) A related point: the importance of France’s electoral laws (the way that political representatives are elected to a countries parliament (the national assembly) - Extreme changes in party system and how the political system functions II. Two central questions about the collapse of the fourth Republic A) What were the weaknesses of government under the 4 th republic?
parliamentary system (went from proportional representation to a plurality system) - B) How did the constitution of the 5 th republic correct these weaknesses?
III. The fourth Republic: doomed from the start?

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