Semester 1 Final Exam Review.pdf - US HISTORY SEMESTER 1...

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US HISTORY SEMESTER 1 EXAM REVIEW
Unit 1
Differences Between North and South(Economic Causes)NorthIndustrial CenterRailroads and telegraphs united regions and encouraged tradeImmigrants (resisted slavery bcthey feared slaved would take their jobs)Cities, factoriesGov’t taxed imported goods (tariffs) making them more expensive than goods from the north. Forced southerners to buy northern goodsSouthRural, agriculture basedRivers used for transportation, few railroadsRelied on slave laborHated tariffs, supported Nullification TheoryConfederacy had no power to tax, so its army was chronically short on food, weapons, and suppliesSupported State’s Rights: states could secede from the union
What about new state’s in the west?Missouri Compromise: Any state south of 36/30 would be a slave state.Wanted to keep a balance between slave and free states, so Missouri was admitted as a slave state and Maine was created out of Mass. and admitted as a free state.California extended north and south of the Missouri Compromise line!Compromise of 1850: California would be a free statePopular sovereignty would decide New Mexico and Utah territoriesFugitive Slave Act: citizens must aid in the capture of escaped slaves (most controversial, federal gov’t assisting slave holders!)Slaves would not be sold in Washington, DC, but slavery would be legal there.
Political Causes of the Civil WarKansas-Nebraska Act: Repealed Missouri Compromise; popular sovereignty would determine slaver in new territories.Bleeding Kansas: Pro and Anti Slavery groups rushed to Kansas to sway the vote, violence erupted.Dred Scott Decision: Supreme Court case that ruled that slaves were not citizens and could not sue; slaves were property, thus protected by the Constitution. (angered prohibitionists that Constitution was used to protect slavery).
Political Causes of the Civil WarJohn Brown: Led attack on federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, VA. He wanted to use the weapons to arm slaves for a revolt.Unsuccessful and hanged for treason.
Social Causes of the Civil WarAbolitionists: People who fought for an immediate end to slavery.Frederick Douglas: one of most famous abolitionistsTraveled throughout north to describe horrors of slaveryStarted a newspaper, North StarHarriet Beecher Stowe: Wrote Uncle Tom’s CabinSojourner Truth: Traveled the country arguing against slavery and for women’s rights.Underground Railroad: The Underground Railroad was a network of people, called "conductors," and safe houses called "stations." The Underground Railroad helped slaves escape from the South and reach Northern states or Canada. Harriet Tubman, one of best known conductorsEscaped from slavery to the north
Lincoln’s Election Catalyst for WarAfter his election (without a single electoral vote from the south), South Carolina seceeded.Miss., FL, Ala., GA, LA, and TX quickly followed.Formed Confederate States of AmericaJefferson Davis selected as President

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