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Nhat Anh Ngo DanSOCI 110: Social AnalysisProfessor SteinbuglerOctober 26, 2017Émile Durkheim, founder of modern-day Sociology, was a proponent of structural functionalism. In particular, he was primarily concerned with what made society harmonious and orderly. He argues that deviance, rather than being a pathology to be eliminated at all costs, is a necessary condition for a normal society: “to classify crime among the phenomena of normal sociology is not to say merely that it is an inevitable, although regrettable phenomenon, due to the incorrigible wickedness of men; it is to affirm that it is a factor in public health, an integral part of all healthy societies” (Durkheim 66). To him, deviance plays a crucial role in social life, for it provokes social regulation, social integration and social change.To simplify, an act of deviance is an act that makes one feel uncomfortable, whether one is the perpetrator or the victim, by simply being apart of the process. Deviant acts cause uneasiness and discomfort, for it helps individuals recognize the collective conscience that was infringed by such acts. As a result, when conducting or engaging in some forms of deviant behavior, individuals will constantly feel the urge to conform, to follow the pre-existing social norms, and to self-regulate for fear of social policing. For my deviant act, during a week-long period, I did not allow myself to join my Vietnamese clique as usual whenever I had a meal at the cafeteria. Instead, I
only sat with those I have not talked to or made contact with. However, that was not all: rather than just awkwardly and silently eating my food at their