23526073.doc - Unclassified COM/AGR/APM/TD/WP(2000)15/FINAL...

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Unclassified COM/AGR/APM/TD/WP(2000)15/FINAL   Organisation de Coop é ration et de D é veloppement Economiques OLIS    : 19-Dec-2000 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Dist.      : 21-Dec-2000 __________________________________________________________________________________________ Or. Eng. DIRECTORATE FOR FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES TRADE DIRECTORATE   Working Party on Agricultural Policies and Markets of the Committee for Agriculture  Joint Working Party of the Committee for Agriculture and the Trade Committee APPELLATIONS OF ORIGIN AND GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS IN OECD MEMBER COUNTRIES : ECONOMIC AND LEGAL IMPLICATIONS U n c l a s s i f i e d C O M / A G R / A P M / T D / W P ( 2 0 0 0 ) 1 5 / F I N A L O r .   E n g . This is the final version of a study which was carried out under the Programme of Work for 1999/2000 adopted by the Committee for Agriculture and endorsed by the Trade Committee. Contact person : Sabrina Lucatelli (email: [email protected]) 98767    Document complet disponible sur OLIS dans son format d'origine Complete document available on OLIS in its original format
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COM/AGR/APM/TD/WP(2000)15/FINAL FOREWORD This is the final version of a study which was carried out under the Programme of Work for 1999/2000 adopted by the Committee for Agriculture and endorsed by the Trade Committee. The principal author was Sabrina Lucatelli. Other staff in the Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries also contributed.  2
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COM/AGR/APM/TD/WP(2000)15/FINAL TABLE OF CONTENTS APPELLATIONS   OF   ORIGIN   AND   GEOGRAPHICAL   INDICATIONS   IN   OECD   MEMBER COUNTRIES: ECONOMIC AND LEGAL IMPLICATIONS ..................................................................... 6 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................ 6 1. Geographical denominations in OECD countries: economic theory and statutory protection ............. 7 1.1 Geographical denominations and economic theory .................................................................... 7 1.2 Comparison between marks and appellations of origin .............................................................. 9 1.3 Protection for geographical indications and appellations of origin in OECD countries ........... 10 1.4 Further considerations .............................................................................................................. 13 2. Analysis from a competition standpoint: the national dimension ...................................................... 15 2.1 The co-ordination element in organising a food chain under appellation of origin .................. 15 2.2 Decisions by competition authorities and risks of anti-competitive practices .......................... 16 2.3 Further considerations .............................................................................................................. 20 3. The international perspective ............................................................................................................ 22 3.1 Cross-border aspects ................................................................................................................ 22 3.2 Protection of intellectual property rights relating to geographical names prior to the TRIPS Agreement ............................................................................................................................................ 25 3.3 Geographical   indications   and   the   Agreement   on   Trade-Related   Aspects   of   Intellectual Property Rights ..................................................................................................................................... 26 3.4 Further international considerations ......................................................................................... 28 Summary and conclusions ........................................................................................................................ 29 Possible future work ................................................................................................................................. 30 Annex 1.   Geographical indications and economic theory ............................................................................ 31 Annex 2   Legislation on geographical indications and designations of origin in specific OECD countries..35 Australia ................................................................................................................................................... 35 Canada ..................................................................................................................................................... 38 Korea ........................................................................................................................................................ 40 United States ............................................................................................................................................ 41 Japan ........................................................................................................................................................ 44 Switzerland .............................................................................................................................................. 46
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