World Geo #6.doc - Delilah D Mays AC1007506 GE 350 World...

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Delilah D. Mays AC1007506 GE 350 World Geography Assignment 06 World Geography 11/7/2015 Apartheid is the term coined for the racial institution that was started in 1948 by the National Party that ruled South Africa until 1994. The name, which plainly means “apartness,” echoed a brutally repressive policy intended to ensure that whites, who made up 20% of the nation's population, would keep on to governing the country. World War II and The Great Depression spelled doom and escalated economic misery to South Africa, and influenced the government to fortify its policies of racial segregation. Once the Afrikaner National Party ascended into power in South Africa in 1948 under the slogan of “apartheid” (meaning “separateness”), its entirely-white government straight away began enforcing current policies of racial segregation. This system forced the non-white South Africans who formed the majority of the population in South Africa, to live in detached areas from the whites and utilize different public facilities, and the contact between the two groups was restricted. Regardless of strong and constant opposition to apartheid inside and outside of South Africa, the apartheid laws were in effect for the better part of 5 decades. Additionally, the apartheid goal was not only to part South Africa’s white minority from its non-white majority, it also intended to disconnect non-whites from each other, and to split black South Africans down tribal lines to diminish their political clout (Motlhabi 2). White supremacy and racial segregation had turn out to be basic features of South African policy which was extended before apartheid started. The contentious 1913 Land Act, legislated three years just after South Africa achieved its independence, manifested the commencement of territorial segregation by forceful making the black Africans in reserves and ensuring its illegal for the blacks to work as sharecroppers. Antagonists of the Land Act started the South African National Native Congress, which would later become the African National Congress (ANC) while the policy began formally in 1948, it is true that the practice of racial bigotry has deep roots in the South African society. From 1788, the Dutch colonizers started making laws and regulations that divided the white settlers and the native Africans. Essentially, these laws and regulations were persistently enforced after the British occupation in 1795, and almost immediately it led to the movement of Africans into precise areas that would afterward be their so-called homelands. Additionally, by 1910, the year that whole of the previously separate Boer Republics integrated with the British colony to turn out to be the Union of South Africa, there were almost 300 reserves for the natives all through the country (Meredith 10).
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