Unit 1 journal.docx - Unit 1 Journal 17 January 2017 Terms...

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Unit 1 Journal 17 January 2017 Terms: explain western dating system (pgs. xxx intro to text) It is very important to be aware of the dating of time when it comes to history of a period that occurred so long ago. In the Western system events are dated by counting backward and forward from the birth of Jesus Christ. If there is an event that took place before Christ, it would be considered however many number of years the even took place B.C. (before Christ). Any event that occurs after the birth of Christ is labeled as A.D, which stands for the Latin Word anno Domini ” meaning the dates after his birth. There are many historians who now prefer to use a less Christian oriented way of dating the past by using B.C.E (before common era) and C.E. (common era). (Duiker/Spielvogel, xxx) civilization characteristics (from the textbook) Early humans formed small groups that developed simple culture where they began to create villages and towns. After the Ice Age, there was a period called the Neolithic Revolution, where people formed organized communities to store food, build houses for protection, and the storage of their goods. Once these villages and town developed, people began to trade and specialize in specific crafts. During the development of these civilizations it also changed the relationship between men and women where men were the primary resource to herd animals and being outside of the home while women would work inside making clothes and performing household items. These settlements helped its inhabitants to master skills for survival and turned into civilizations near rivers and other various locations. (Duiker/Spielvogel, 6-9) Mesopotamia: (date/where?): The Greeks referred to the valley between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers “Mesopotamia”, or the land “between the rivers”. The rivers required a complex system to control the flow of the rivers for its people to produce crops. Most of the water from the rivers were irregular because of the snow from the upland mountains, which was never certain to provide much of a consistent water source, so their system required human intervention in the form of irrigation and drainage ditches. The first Mesopotamia civilization were the Sumerian people whose timeline isn’t known now. By 3000 B.C.E. they had established several cities and developed an economic and political system. (Duiker/Spielvogel, 9) Ziggurats Mesopotamia had limited resources when it came to stone or wood for building purposes. They would resort to Mudbricks that were easy to shape with the hands, which had to bake in the sun until it was hard enough to use. The Ziggurat was built in on top of a massive steep tower. Their most prominent building was a temple which they dedicated to the Chief God or Goddess
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of the city. The Sumerian Cities believed that gods and goddesses owned the city and were responsible for governing it. (Duiker/Spielvogel, 10) Hammurabi /Code of Hammurabi Hammurabi was a man of war who employed well-disciplined army who learned to divide his opponents and subdue them for control. With his techniques, he gained control of Sumer and
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