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midterm study guide - [email protected]

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[email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected].edu [email protected] 2. Social adaptation, cooperation and society  7. Social Bond and Conformity 8. Conformity, social control and community 13. Radical Humanism: Radical Structuralism: Social Change 14. Social Functions: Social Competence: Social Role 15. Sociological Imagination: Rubbernecking 16. (Jane has it) 23. Social Role: Responsibility: Competence 24. Self Generalized Other 1. Sociological imagination: history: biography The sociological imagination is the ability to understand “the larger historical scene” underlying an individual’s personal problems. C. Wright Mills, who coined the term “sociological imagination,” explains that, “neither the life of an individual (biography) nor the history of society can be understood without understanding both.” Thus, our biographies are developed within historical contexts , and the way we experience the world around us is dependent on the “social relations and structures [existing] in a particular historical moment and place.” For instance, people commonly blame themselves for suffering certain hardships—such as, divorce, overwhelming debt, or depression—when, in fact, these social problems can be linked to the nature of society itself. Such problems need to be analyzed in the larger historical framework of society if one is to understand why they occur and how they influence our individual biographies. References Wikipedia: The Sociological Imagination Lesson Two: Point 21 Ten Questions: Chapter 5: pp. 114 3. Sociology: Public Sociology: ‘Rubber Necking’ The study and classification of human societies, public sociology may be seen as a style of sociology, a way of writing and a form of intellectual Engagement, Rubber Necking is the description of someone that is very nosy and just looks at the surface of an object and moves on.
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4. Social Control: Sociological Paradigms (Aka theories or perspectives) Social Paradigms are vital after Paradigms. A framework of rewards and sanctions that channel behavior. A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an > 4.) Social Control: Sociological Paradigms Social Control is social mechanisms that conforms individual or group behavior. It controls others through socially constructed ideas. People in society want to be accepted so they adhere to the social customs rather than being ostracized. It can range from the fear of facing the consequence of breaking a law or the fear or being talked about or isolated by peers because of your actions. Social control creates frameworks or social patterns in society. It is impossible for a culture to not have social control. Society is always evolving and patterns are always changing so individuals and groups change to fit the social structure. An example of Social Control would be the police and the law.
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