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Unformatted text preview: C HAPTER 12: D EALING WITH E MPLOYEE- M ANAGEMENT I SSUES AND R ELATIONSHIPS E MPLOYEE-M ANAGEMENT I SSUES Union- an employee organization that has the main goal of representing members in employee- management bargaining over job related issues- Labor unions were largely responsible for the establishment of minimum wage laws, overtime rules, workers compensation, severance pay, child-labor laws, job safety regulations etc L ABOR U NIONS F ROM D IFFERENT P ERSPECTIVES- Historians agree that todays unions are an outgrowth of the economic transition caused by the Industrial Revolution of the 19 th and early 20 th centuries T HE E ARLY H ISTORY OF O RGANIZED L ABOR Craft union- an organization of skilled spets in a particular craft or trade Knights of Labor- the first national labor union; formed in 1869- The intention of the Knights was to gain significant political power and eventually restructure the entire US economy American Federation of Labor (AFL)- an organization of craft unions that championed fundamental labor issues; founded in 1886- Intentionally limited membership to skilled workers (craftspeople), assuming they would have better bargaining power than unskilled workers in attaining concessions from employers Industrial unions- labor organizations of unskilled and semiskilled workers in mass-production industries such as automobiles and mining Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)- Union organization of unskilled workers; broke away from the American Federation of Labor (AFL) in 1935 and rejoined it in 1955 L ABOR L EGISLATION AND C OLLECTIVE B ARGAINING Yellow-dog contract- a type of contract that required employees to agree as a condition of employment not to join a union; prohibited by the Norris-LaGuardia Act in 1932 Collective bargaining- the process whereby union and management representatives form a labor- management agreement, or contract, for workers- The Wagner Act expanded labors right to collectively bargain, and obligated employers to meet at reasonable times and bargain in good faith with respect to wages, hours, and other terms of employment Certification- formal process whereby a union is recognized by the National Labor Relations Board as the bargaining agent for a group of employees- The Wagner Act also provided workers with a clear process to remove a union as its workplace...
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- Fall '07