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SOC120Final.docx - Immigration 1 Immigration Intro to...

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Immigration1ImmigrationIntro to Ethics & Social ResponsibilitySOC 12012/22/2014
Immigration2In the early days during the industrial revolution, immigration was a way to get cheap labor, inturn people can become citizens and pay taxes which will bring in state and federal income. Now, it'sthe same story but since then the population has grown and citizens are struggling to get by. Properimmigration is okay, the problem is that many aren't legal and the issues facing this are endless. Intodays economy it can be difficult to find work. Many employers are faced with cutting jobs andlowering pay just to stay in business, some are even hiring illegal workers because it's very cheap labor.This is a problem because it takes jobs away from many legal citizens. It's also an issue because these“under the table” employees aren't paying taxes like the rest of us. Also, if you look at it from a humanestandpoint, there are many deaths linked to illegal immigration into the U.S. (Crook & Ray, 2009). Theethical theories we will be looking at and applying to immigration have enormous advantages to offerin analyzing the problems and suggesting solutions to them (Mosser, 2013). For this essay, I'll be usingthe three classic theories of utilitarianism, deontology, virtue ethics, and also discussing ethical egoismbecause it fits so well into immigration.Utilitarianism first and foremost is the theory that the given act can affect the greatest number ofpeople. The idea is that immigration as a utility would have benefited the most people during theindustrial revolution because we would be giving work and citizenship to immigrants while alsobenefiting the current citizens at the time by providing affordable labor and plenty of man power toprovide labor for factories and construction during the time. It is argued that the massive amount ofpeople that immigrated then was bad for the U.S. then because of over crowding (Hirschman &Mogsford, 2009).
Immigration3Today, immigration has a devastating effect. Immigration is only benefiting the immigrantsutility, as a matter of fact, it has a negative affect on current citizens because it may take work fromcitizens or cost citizens money. Our economy today is struggling and everyone is after a way tomaximize their own utility, from the small company manufacturing parts to the farms of the mid-westfeeding everyone in the U.S. Many are tempted to offer work to illegal immigrants to save a lot ofmoney in labor costs, by doing this they are maximizing their utility just like the illegal immigrant thatis maximizing their own utility by getting paid a better wage, but it's not the greater good for everyoneelse. It costs the U.S. extra money to protect our borders, it takes work away from legal citizens as wellas having the potential to lower property values along the borders. Also, living conditions for the illegalimmigrants, while okay to them – are terrible by our standards. It's completely unethical as the ones

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Term
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Professor
Faugan
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