Society Ch11

Society Ch11 - _ 130 Ch. 11 Race and Ethnicity Chapter 11...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
_____________________________________________________________________________ _ 130 Ch. 11 · Race and Ethnicity Chapter 11 Race and Ethnicity ______________________________________________ Detailed Outline I. The Social Meaning of Race and Ethnicity People frequently confuse the terms race and ethnicity. A. Race A race is a socially constructed category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important. Race is a significant concept because most people regard it as very important. 1. Racial Types Race came into being as a social category when nineteenth-century biologists tried to construct racial types. Sociologists consider terms like Caucasoid, Negroid , and Mongoloid as misleading at best because there are no biologically pure races. 2. A Trend Toward Mixture The number of officially recorded interracial births has tripled in the last three decades. Although members of American society attach considerable importance to race, biologically speaking, race has less and less meaning in the United States. B. Ethnicity Ethnicity is a shared cultural heritage. Ethnicity involves even more variability and mixture than race because most people identify with more than one ethnic background. C. Minorities A minority is a category of people, distinguished by physical or cultural traits, who are socially disadvantaged. They have two important characteristics: a distinct identity and subordination . Not all members of a minority category are disadvantaged. II. Prejudice and Stereotypes Prejudice is a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire category of people. Prejudices are prejudgments and they can be positive or negative. Prejudice often takes the form of stereotypes , which are exaggerated descriptions applied to every person in some category. A. Measuring Prejudice: The Social Distance Scale One measure of prejudice is social distance , which refers to how closely people are willing in interact with members of some category. Emory Bogardus developed the social distance scale and he found that people feel much more
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
_____________________________________________________________________________ _ 131 Ch. 11 · Race and Ethnicity social distance toward some categories than others. A recent study using the same social distance scale reported three major findings: 1. The trend toward greater acceptance has continued. 2. People see less difference among various minorities. 3. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, may have reduced social
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course SOC 202 taught by Professor Xiauqinwuturner during the Fall '08 term at N.C. State.

Page1 / 5

Society Ch11 - _ 130 Ch. 11 Race and Ethnicity Chapter 11...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online