7. Nationalism, Religion, and Globalization (1).pptx - Nationalism Religion and Globalization What Defines Ethnicity High ethnic solidarity willing to

7. Nationalism, Religion, and Globalization (1).pptx -...

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Nationalism, Religion, and Globalization
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What Defines Ethnicity? High ethnic solidarity: willing to redistribute resources within the group No “master list”; what differentiates groups in one place may not be important in another Example: in Serbia, common language and culture, but religion divides (Hutu and Tutsi) Ethnicity as a “social construction”—not inherently political 2I
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Ethnic Identity Any specific attributes and societal institutions that make one group of people culturally different from others Language, religion, geography, customs, history, and others Ascription—an identity assigned at birth Largely fixed during our lives
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LEVELS OF ETHNIC FRAGMENTATION
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National Identity National identity is inherently political Defined as a sense of belonging to a nation and a belief in its political aspirations Often, but not always, develops from existing ethnic identity Sense enhancers: Common history, territory, culture, economy, rights
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Why Does National Identity Form? Ethnic group may feel oppressed Ethnic group may form a minority population These conditions may call for self-government
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National Identity to Nationalism Nationalism as a pride in one’s people and belief in sovereign destiny Seek to create or preserve one’s own nation (political group) through an independent state Sovereignty is thus key
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Citizenship Citizenship: individual’s or group’s relationship to the state Swear allegiance to the state State provides benefits People have obligations in return
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Patriotism Citizenship gives rise to patriotism Defined as pride in one’s state Seek to defend and promote it Symbols of state wrapped up in patriotism
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Francis Fukuyama: “The End of History” “The triumph of the West…an unabashed
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