Society_Ch10

Society_Ch10 - _ Instructor's Manual 121 Chapter 10 Gender...

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_____________________________________________________________________________ _ Instructor’s Manual 121 Chapter 10 Gender Stratification ______________________________________________ Detailed Outline I. Gender and Inequality Gender refers to the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female and male. Gender also involves hierarchy . Gender stratification refers to the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women. A. Male-Female Differences It is important not to think of social differences between the sexes exclusively in biological terms. Biologically, men and women differ in limited ways, but culture can define the two sexes in dramatically different ways. B. Gender in Global Perspective 1. The Israeli Kibbutz In Israel, collective Jewish settlements are called kibbutzim . Members of kibbutzim consider gender irrelevant to most of everyday life. 2. Margaret Mead’s Research Anthropologist Margaret Mead carried out groundbreaking research on gender, determining that gender varies across cultures. Among the Arapesh, both sexes would be described by Americans as feminine. Among the Mundugumor, both sexes would be described by Americans as masculine. Among the Tchambuli, gender roles reverse by American standards. Critics charge that Mead oversimplified the implications of gender. 3. George Murdock’s Research George Murdock surveyed over 200 societies and found substantial but not complete agreement concerning which tasks are feminine or masculine. 4. Critical Review What is considered to be female or male is mostly a creation of society. C. Patriarchy and Sexism Patriarchy is a form of social organization in which males dominate females. Matriarchy is a form of social organization in which females dominate males. The latter form has never been documented in human history. Sexism is the belief that one sex is innately superior to the other. It underlies patriarchy and harms men, women, and the society as a whole.
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_____________________________________________________________________________ _ 122 Ch. 10 · Gender Stratification 1. The Costs of Sexism Sexism stunts the talents and limits the ambition of women, who represent half the population. Although men benefit in some respects from sexism, privilege comes at a high price, especially in terms of intimacy and trust. 2. Must Patriarchy Go On?
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course SOC 202 taught by Professor Xiauqinwuturner during the Fall '08 term at N.C. State.

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Society_Ch10 - _ Instructor's Manual 121 Chapter 10 Gender...

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