FORM ONE HISTORY TEACHER'S NOTES.........docx - FORM ONE HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT NOTES Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION TO HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT The meaning of

FORM ONE HISTORY TEACHER'S NOTES.........docx - FORM ONE...

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FORM ONE HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT NOTES Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION TO HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT. The meaning of history and pre-history. History is an account of events that took place in the past. Therefore, history is the endless story of mankind’s actions and events affecting him in the past. In secondary school we shall stick to the definition of History as; a branch of knowledge which deals with past events of human beings in response to their environment over the years. Pre-history refers to the unrecorded (unwritten) history/Refers to those activities that humans engaged in before writing and drawing were invented as ways of storing information. Such knowledge is reconstructed through songs, myths, stories, artefacts, fossils and language of the people. Branches of History. i. Social history: deals with the traditions, values and cultural practises of the people. ii. Economic history : refers to the means of livelihood of people, such as hunting, gathering, agriculture and trade. iii. Political history : deals with control systems in society for example maintenance of law and order, leadership and security. THE MEANING OF GOVERNMENT. The term government is derived from the verb to govern which means to exercise authority over, to rule or control. Therefore, it means a group of people within a state or country given authority to organise direct and control the affairs of the state or country. Government has three arms; The legislature/ parliament: This is the law making arm of government, it includes the national assembly, the senate and the county assemblies. Executive: it implements the law and includes the president, the cabinet and the civil service, Judiciary (court system): Its responsibility is to interpret laws and ensure that the laws made are constitutional, that they are followed and that those who break them are punished. Forms of government. 1. Democratic: a form of government which requires that rulers to regularly seek public mandate through popular vote. These governments are based on the premise that elections are free and fair and that the elected officials represent the wishes and aspirations of the people. Abraham Lincoln said democracy is government of the people, for the people and by the people’’. 2 . Aristocratic: a form of government in which a group of people from the highest social class in a society rule over others. They are called the aristocracy / royalty Aristocracy is derived from two Greek words `aristos’ meaning highest/best and `kratos’ meaning power. The king or queen is the head of the government while senior positions in the government are given to the privileged members from among the nobles who are considered superior because of their wealth, family background and their superior education.
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