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Edric Lee Block 4 29 February 2016 Chapter 21: An Anxious Affluence, 1919-1929 Chapter 22: Depression, Dissent, and the New Deal, 1929-1940 Chapter 23: World War II, 1933-1945 Study Guide Identifications 1.Schenck v. US & Abrams v. United States: Schenck v. US & Abrams v. United States was a Supreme Court case upholding the Espionage Act of 1917, which protected criminal offense. The defendants were convicted on two leaflets they printed and threw them on building windows in New York City. The Conscription Act, which produces first wartime raft of US citizens, angered the public. people sent out anti-war leaflets to the public, which led to the passing of the Espionage Act of 1917, which prohibited people to talk bad about the government. This made the first amendment very limited. 2.Red Scare: The Red Scare happened during 1919 and was a war time panic reinforced by the fear of Communism that emerged in Russia. This began following the revolution of the Bolshevik Russian Revolution. Labor strikes happened and reinforced economic grievances. Postwar economic conflicts increased the pressure on American citizens. Strikes also happened and inflation suddenly occured. Wages were undercut, which led workers to go on strikes. A. Mitchell Palmer, a attorney general was nearly killed when mail bombs were sent on people’s front doors. This led to the Palmer raids, which had authorities arrest people. Without search warrants, authorities arrested thousands of people. These raids violated civil rights. It was important because it build up war sentiments. 3.Great Migration: Thousands of African Americans left the South in the beginning of 1917 to migrate to the north. They hoped to escape poverty and racial discrimination and live a better life. This is known as the Great Migration. In the South, blacks faced segregation and did not have rights equal to the white men. They moved to the north to seek better employment. The war reduced immigration and had caused a need for cheap labor in industries. The significance of the Great Migration led African Americans to get better jobs, and more blacks started migrating in. This also led to the resurrection of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) instead of staying in the South.
Lee 1 4.American Plan: The American Plan was a term used in the 1920s where employers began a new version of employment. Only non-union members were allowed to be employed as a result of the American Plan. Some US employers refused to negotiate with unions. These employers basically set their own rules of how to work, such as their own working conditions. This demonstrated the idea of laissez-faire in economics. It created a significant case where union agents was able to use this strategy to make more money. 5.Teapot Dome Scandal: The Teapot dome Scandal concerns an oil reserve scandal that began during the administration of President Harding. In 1921, control of naval oil resources at Wyoming were transferred to the Navy Department. The oil reserves had been set aside for the navy by President Wilson. Senator Walsh, a cabinet member, was convicted of accepting bribes from oil companies. He became the first cabinet member to