Final test. Task 1. Dimensions Traits Types of questions Extraversion Sociability Talkativeness Cheerfulness How much time on average you spend with other people on different events during a month? How often on average you participate in discussions during a month? Conscientiousness Orderliness Self-discipline Cautiousness Do you do everything in order as you planned during a week? How often on average you do things that you do not want to do but you should during a week? Openness / Intellect Imagination Artistic interests How often on average you have vivid imagination during a day? How often on average you go to art museums or exhibitions during a year? Neuroticism Irritability Anxiety How many times on average can you be irritated during a day? How often on average are you being worried during a day? Agreeableness Altruism Modesty Cooperation How often on average you try to help others during a day? How often on average you think that you are better than others during a day? Honesty Fairness Sincerity How many times on averages have you lied while doing this test? How many times on average you lie during a day? Task 2. Types of study design Advantages Disadvantages Between-subject design 1. Each participant will receive an independent score. 2. Between-subject design produce more effective statistical data. 1. A big number of people is required to generate valuable data and information. 2. Participants have individual differences which can cause high variability in scores. Within-subject design 1. It requires small number of participants. 2. It has no problems with individual differences of participants. 1. It can cause carryover effect which means that participant who took part in one condition can be affected by those previous activities which will impact on performance or behavior on other conditions. Task 3. At what levels do people study personality? Exist 3 levels at which people study personality: traits (from the Big Five: openness, extraversion, neuroticism, etc.); characteristic adaptations (person’s beliefs, desires, etc.); life stories (the stories that give a life a sense of purpose, meaning, etc.) From what scientific perspectives (fields) do people study personality? Genetics; biological, clinical, social, abnormal, cognitive psychology. Provide 2 examples of recent interdisciplinary fields of the study of personality and explain the reasons for their emergence. Genomics is a discipline in genetics that applies recombinant DNA, DNA sequencing methods, and bioinformatics to sequence, assemble, and analyze the
function and structure of genomes. It is needed to analyze the most complex biological systems such as the brain.