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1 Della Franklin English 102 Leslie Davison Feeder 1.1 An Overview of Bacterial Meningitis Every year, according to the National Meningitis Association, 3,000 Americans are diagnosed with bacterial meningitis. Of those 3,000 cases, between 300 and 360 are fatal (2007). These statistics are staggering, especially considering the very serious risk associated with bacterial meningitis among college campuses. Many students live in on-campus housing and unfortunately, dormitories are breeding grounds for bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is caused by two different strains of bacteria, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis. These bacteria live in the body, usually in the nose and throat; however, if they enter into the bloodstream and travel to the cerebrospinal fluid, they invade the meninges or tissues that surround the spine and brain, resulting in bacterial meningitis (WebMD 2007). According to WebMD, there are several key indicators of bacterial meningitis. An infected individual typically has a very stiff neck, a high fever, and a severe headache. Often, a person will vomit and have a decreased level of consciousness. When these symptoms are
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