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chapter 1-13 terms

chapter 1-13 terms - Chapter 1 terms 1 Anthropomorphic The...

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Chapter 1 terms 1. Anthropomorphic: The attribution of human characteristics to a nonhuman bring, usually a deity 2. Cosmology: An account of the origins of the world; in the ancient Near East cosmologies are usually creation myths 3. Divine Council: The assembly of Gods over which the high god presides. In the bible Yahweh is described as the head of the divine council and prophets claim to have witnessed or participated in these meetings 4. Elohim: The Hebrew word for god or gods, which although plural in form, is often used as a title for Yahweh and is translated “God.” 5. Enkidu: In the epic of Gilgamesh, the wild man created by the gods to distract Gilgamesh from his antisocial activities. Gilgamesh and Enkidu became friends and Enkidu’s death motivated Gilgamesh to seek immortality 6. Enuma elish: Also called the “Babylonian Creation Epic,” this is a work on seven tablets in praise of the patron god of Babylon, Marduk. It describes how Marduk defeated the primeval sea-goddess Tiamat and then created the world and humans. Its title is its opening words, which mean “when above.” 7. Gilgamesh: The hero of the Mesopotamian epic named for him, who with Enkidu travels widely and ultimately meets Utnapishtim 8. Marduk: The chief god of Babylon, the storm-god who defeated Tiamat, as recounted in Enuma elish 9. Myth: a traditional narrative concerning the remote past in which gods and goddess are often principal characters 10. Sabbath: The day of rest, the 7 th day of the week. The term can also be used for longer periods of time as in a “sabbatical year.” 11. Tetragrammaton: A word of Greek origin meaning “ 4 letters,” referring to the four consonants (yhwh) of the name of the God of Israel, Yahweh 12. Tiamat: The goddess of primeval salt water who in Enuma elish is defeated by the storm-god Marduk 13. Tree of Life: The tree of life in the garden of Eden whose fruit provided immortality 14. Tree of knowledge of good and evil: The tree in the garden of Eden whose fruit was forbidden 15. Yahweh: The personal name of God of Israel Chapter 2 terms 1. D: The Deuteronomic source according to the Documentary Hypothesis, which is found almost exclusively in the book of Deuteronomy 2. Documentary Hypothesis: The theory classically formulated by Julius Wellhausen in 1878, which explains the repetitions and inconsistencies in the first five books of the bible, the Pentateuch, as the result of oringinally independent sources or documents having been combined over several centuries. The principal hypothetical sources are J, E, D, and P
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3. E: The Elohist source according to the Documentary hypothesis, found in the books of Genesis through Numbers 4. J: The Yahwist (or Jahwist) source according to the Documentary Hypothesis, found in the books of Genesis through Numbers 5. P: The priestly source according to the Documentary Hypothesis, found in the books of Genesis through Numbers and at the end of the book Deuteronomy 6. Pentateuch: A word of Greek origin, meaning “5 books,” used by modern
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