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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 8 Law in the Ancient Near East Code of Hammurapi -Set of 300 laws governing concerns of society-These laws were given by Marduk to Hammurapi-Seemed to be more of an exaltation of class and rank, glorifying royalty-Eye for an Eye Covenant Code Consists largely of Casuistic Law If such and such should happen, this is what you do Contains some Apodictic Law Whoever does such and such shall be put to death One important thing to note is that these laws were in an agrarian society, also a society in which slavery was an accepted institution and women were considered property-Both codes set their laws in a religious context, with the deity as the ultimate source of legal authority-Therefore violation of the law seems to ultimately be an offense to the deity-Covenant Code is directed to the Israelites, with specific references to the Sabbath -Also emphasizes that members of a lesser social class are to be of special concern, reverts back to the Exodus in that it instructs the Israelites to remember what it was like...
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course JWST 103 taught by Professor Erhman during the Fall '07 term at UNC.
- Fall '07