Tolithia Lyons cj 500 assignment 12.docx - Tolithia Lyons...

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Tolithia Lyons November 26, 2017 CJ 500 Assignment #12 Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Sanctions Define the following Terms: 1. Caseload- Caseload is the number of cases handled by a judge or a court or by a clinic or social service agency over a particular period. 2. Community Corrections- The supervision of criminal offenders in the resident population, as opposed to confining offenders in secure correctional facilities. The two main types of community corrections supervision are probation and parole. Community corrections is also referred to as community supervision. 3. Community Service- A sentencing option for persons convicted of crimes in which the court orders the defendant to perform a number of hours of unpaid work for the benefit of the public. A person convicted of a criminal offense may be required to complete a sentence of community service directly or as an express condition of Probation. 4. .
6. Desistance- Desistance is one of the central dimensions of life-course criminology, and it is also regarded as a criminal career parameter. While few texts have focused solely on the topic of desistance, sources on developmental, life-course, and criminal career research often include a segment on desistance. 7. Discretionary Release- Discretionary parole is a decision to release an offender from incarceration whose sentence has not expired, on condition of sustained lawful behavior that is subject to supervision and monitoring in the community by parole personnel who ensure compliance with the terms of release . 8. Home Confinement- is a measure by which a person is confined by the authorities to a residence . Travel is usually restricted, if allowed at all. House arrest is an alternative to prison time or juvenile-detention time. While house arrest can be applied to criminal cases when prison does not seem an appropriate measure, the term is often applied to the use of house confinement as a measure of repression by authoritarian governments against political dissidents . In that case, typically, the person under house arrest does not have access to any means of communication . If electronic communication is allowed, conversations will most likely be monitored. With some electronic monitoring units, the conversations of prisoners can be directly monitored via the unit itself.

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