Article-British Health and Welfare System.doc - The British...

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The British Health and Welfare System Introduction The health and social welfare system is part of everyone's life in Britain. It provides help for anyone who is raising a family or who is elderly, sick, disabled, unemployed, widowed or disadvantaged. Everyone at some point in their lives will receive help from its varied services, ranging from health checks for children, home help for disabled or elderly people or cash benefits to cover periods of unemployment. The three pillars of the health and social welfare system are: The National Health Service - the health of the community is the responsibility of the NHS, free to everyone who normally lives in Britain. The personal Social Services - provided by local authorities for elderly and disabled people, those with mental disorders and for families and their children. Social Security - designed to secure a basic standard of living for people who are unemployed, help for families and help towards the cost of disablement. These publicly-funded services are among the Government's top priorities, and account for about half of all government spending. They are supported by the work of a great many voluntary social and health care organisations, and by carers who look after members of their own family or friends. More than 90% of all health care in Britain is provided by the state through the NHS The National Health Service The NHS is a central element of the welfare state, present on virtually every high street in the form of local pharmacists and in every community and neighbourhood in the form of General Practitioners and dental services. The NHS, which provides all these services, has a yearly budget of more than £41 billion. With one million staff, it is one of the largest employers in the world. The principles on which it was founded at its creation in 1948 remain true today: that there should be a free, comprehensive health service for everyone according to need, regardless of their income. NHS facts and figures (from ) In a typical week: 1.4 million people will receive help in their home from the NHS more than 800,000 people will be treated in NHS hospital outpatient clinics 1
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700,000 will visit a NHS dentist for a check-up NHS district nurses will make more than 700,000 visits over 10,000 babies will be delivered by the NHS NHS chiropodists will inspect over 150,000 pairs of feet NHS ambulances will make over 50,000 emergency journeys NHS Direct nurses will receive around 25,000 calls from people seeking medical advice pharmacists will dispense approximately 8.5 million items on NHS prescriptions NHS surgeons will perform around 1,200 hip operations, 3,000 heart operations and 1,050 kidney operations. What does the NHS do? The aims of the NHS are clear. They are to improve the health of the nation as a whole by: promoting health preventing ill health diagnosing and treating injury and disease caring for those with long-term illness and disability
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