CHN 160 Midterm SG..pdf - Chn 160 Midterm Preparation Guide...

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Chn 160 Midterm Preparation Guide - Contents to be covered: The midterm will cover 1) Introduction, 2) History, 3) Dialects, 4) Characters, and 5) Syntax that we have covered so far. Format of the exam : 1. Multiple Choice 2. True or False judgment and correction of statements 3. Draw Tree Diagram for a given sentence and mark phrase types and part of speeches for words. 4. Answer questions (similar to the homework assignments format) Concepts and Questions for review (while the midterm questions will mainly be within the scope of the following questions, they may be flexibly asked in different ways). I. Concept understanding (explain clearly; whenever possible, illustrate with examples) language: a sound system that encodes meaning for communication - Its typical form: sound - Its content: meaning - Its function: communication - It’s a system: a unified whole comprised of interrelated, organized, and rule-governed elements - It is a convention that is accepted by the language community components of language - Phonology (Phonetics), semantics, morphology, grammar/syntax - Each system has its units, categories, structures, and rules. Chinese - A subgroup of the linguistic family of Sino-Tibetan Languages, which contains Chinese, Burmese, and Tibetan, spoken by one out of every four human on the earth, it has an umbrella term consisting of 7 major different dialects. - The native language of the Han people Mandarin ( Putonghua, Hanyu, Huayu, Guoyu, Huawen, Zhongwen ) - The national standard language, its model for pronunciation is the Beijing dialect, and for grammar the regional variant of northern (mandarin) dialect, and for its lexicon the modern vernacular literature (common language for chinese speakers) -
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