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required reading 1-185

required reading 1-185 - PG 4 What is Education(10-11...

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PG 4 What is Education? (10-11) - Definition: the sum total of all of the experiences that an individual has from conception to death. o Cognitive: thinking o Affective: feeling o Psychomotor: moving o Social: relating - Note that this definition is amoral (not immoral) for all experiences are included - The school is also as likely as not to disregard the social development of children, tolerating prejudice, doing nothing about cliques or isolated children, and allowing children to be objects of taunting and derision - Education should be distinguished from schooling o Schooling refers only to the experiences one has in a school setting - In the 19 th century, the school contained more information than was contained in the society that surrounded it - In the 20 th century, the school contained less information than did the society that surrounded it - The quality of an individual’s education (his experiences) depends almost exclusively upon his wealth or that of his parents. How he is treated in utero, the sort of neo-natal and early childhood experiences he has, the sort of schools he attends – all of these depend upon his wealth. Indeed, you will find that, in almost every instance, even the quality of a child’s teacher is dependent upon the child’s wealth or that of his parents. Prenatal and Neonatal Care (12-14) - The basic source of High School’s problems: the nation’s pattern of prenatal and neonatal care and the condition of many of its families and homes - The neurological development of a child begins at conception, and what happens to a child later in life is in no small way dictated by what happens in utero - An underweight baby is 50 times more likely to have learning disabilities than is a healthy baby o 1991 250,000 underweight babies were born in the US o 28 other industrialized countries have a better record than the US - Some neurologists claim that more learning takes place between birth and age six than in the rest of an individual’s life. o Benjamin Bloom contends that half of all intellectual capacity is present by age four - Roughly 1/3 of urban children live below the poverty line o Poor children perform at levels significantly lower than do non-poor children
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o Children conceived and born in poverty are very likely to grow up in poverty and it is poverty – not schools – that is the root (though not the only) cause of their difficulty in school - Montessori Schools and witness children engaged in individual learning activities that expand their intellectual stock and reward their native curiosity - The problem is that the poor have no effective lobby in the halls of power - Remediation is vastly more expensive than intervention o Full term prenatal care costs about $800; one day in the neonatal ICU costs $10,000 o Each years class of high school dropouts costs the US 296 billion dollars in lost productivity and foregone taces over the course of that class’s lifetime o For every 1 dollar we spend on pre-school education for “at risk” children,
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required reading 1-185 - PG 4 What is Education(10-11...

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