Final Study Terms.docx - History 2110 Final Terms Section...

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History 2110 Final Terms Section Bourbons Conservative white democrats Didn’t learn anything from the war and reconstruction Want to figure out a way to return to political power Power during this time is largely held in politics Mississippi Plan Other former confederate states also adopted this plan State laws for voting To vote you had to live there for 2 years; 1 of those years had to be in electoral district; this applied to all males During this time, the black population was moving around so this kept some from voting Couldn’t vote if you had been convicted of certain crimes Left up to the registrar (the person you stand in front of to register to vote) Had to pay your taxes by February 1st on an election year. Couldn’t vote unless you were literate (able to read and write) “Understanding Clause” If you could demonstrate to the registrar what was in the constitution, even without being able to read it, they could pass you if they wanted to “Grandfather Clause” You can vote if your father or your grandfather could vote on January 1st, 1867 15th amendment wasn’t passed until 1870 Jim Crow Segregation Separating whites and blacks Name of Jim Crow comes from the character of a minstrel show Wanted to segregate in all aspects of public life; transportation, housing, education Plessy v. Ferguson Homer Plessy Rode in a white cable car Challenging the legality of the Jim Crow Segregation As long as things are “separate but equal” it’s okay Like a stamp of approval from congress Farmers Patrons of Husbandry (The Grange) Farmers; still around today First group form Goal to regulate railroad rates Also to have state departments of agriculture Wanted fertilizer inspections Farmers’ Alliance(s) 2nd group formed During this time there was a white one and a black one Were pushing for the same things as the Patrons of Husbandry But also cheap credit for farmers William Jennings Bryan apart of this group They could never get over the hump to get competitive Labor
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History 2110 Final Terms Section +Refrigerated railroad car affected most people during the 19th century; Changes the American diet; Economy affected. +Glassmaking becomes mechanized; milk industry booms +Continuous action roller presses: more people have access to media such as +newspapers and journals +the Duke brothers create a cigarette rolling machine; made uniform cigarettes for relatively cheap Populism Political ideology that holds virtuous citizens are mistreated by a small circle of elites, who can be overthrown if the people recognize this. William Jennings Bryan American orator and Politician from Nebraska; dominant force in the populist wing of the Democratic Party Alexander Graham Bell Invents the telephone Invented in 1876 American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) Thomas Edison Lightbulb
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