Comprehensive Essay notes.docx

Comprehensive Essay notes.docx - Comprehensive Essay Notes...

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Comprehensive Essay Notes for each possibility: 1. Asking what changed after the Civil War, if anything? Can either say yes or no, then explain why. Interested in opinion and the support for that opinion. Using evidence. a. This changed in america after the civil war, it just took time to do so. b. The Civil War was the watershed event in United States history c. 13th amendment banned slavery d. 14th amendment: citizenship for anyone born in the U.S. e. 15th amendment: voting rights for all male citizens regardless of race i. Didn’t mean it was easy to vote; literacy tests were used to determine eligibility ii. Grandfather clause didn’t allow many blacks to vote; (stated that if your grandfather could vote then so could you) f. Jim Crow Laws were passed g. Plessy vs. Ferguson- separate but equal h. Brown vs. Board of Education overturned “separate but equal” clause and ending segregation in public schools i. Bus Boycott, U.S. Civil Rights Act, U.S. Voting Rights Act j. Loving vs. Virginia- supreme court ruled allowing interracial marriage 2. What is similar and different about the reform movements that happened in the first half of the 19th century and early part of 20th century? What caused the change? Do you see the U.S. undergoing another period of reform either now or in the future? Why or why not? Specific examples. a. 19th century: i. Temperance 1. Don’t make alcohol, don’t sell it, don’t drink it 2. “Soldier of the cross can’t be intoxicated” 3. Doctors said it was bad for health 4. Believed to lead to social evils (poverty, beating wife/children) ii. Auburn Penitentiary System 1. Segregating prisons based on the crime 2.
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