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POLI 41 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE

POLI 41 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE - POLI 41 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE...

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POLI 41 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Government – is the structure and processes through which rules or policies are authoritatively determined for society as a whole Legitimacy component in choosing (electing) one’s government, an act of consentment (e.g. totalitarianism regiime may not be liked but it is legit) Compels behavior – power of an institution to compel one’s behavior Serves to protect; promote the common good; problem solving, mediating conflicts – when society is faced with a conflict, gov is expected to jump in Conflict resolution – conflicts can be resolved through contracts, although contracts are not related to government, contracts act as a consent to involve the government if the contract is breached Majoritarianism, Pluralism, Elitsm, Bureacratic rule Tragedy of the Commons: tradition of people all living together in a community, mostly agrarian with a common grazing field. The one with the more sheep/cattle will ultimately be more wealthy SO people want to increase their supply BUT by extending, eventually overgrazing occurs and common grounds are destroyed *This notion that one looks out for themselves which leads to decline Politics – the authoritative allocation of values; the process through which government makes its governing decisions all societies compete over whose values are served Negative Liberty – freedom as something an individuals have as a right, but which is constantly under threat from outside forces, esp the state Positive Liberty – a freedom to do or achieve something requires both freedom to do and the opportunity, money, political power, family support, etc, is needed to accomplish these ends Justice – quality of being righteous, moral, fair, upright, impartial Legalistic (procedural): due process view; equal treatment for all in judicial and quasi-judical government functions Utilitarian – greatest goo for the greatest number Just desserts – merit (accomplishments) and effort (amount of work) **Book Publishing company analogy Chapter 1: American Political Culture: Seeking a More Perfect Union 1) Political Culture: The Core Principles of American Gov’t a. Political Culture – the characteristic and deep-seated beliefs of a particular people about government and politics; politically relevant ideas and social
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practices characteristic of a society ( habits of action, religious feeling, symbols of good/evil, family practices, etc) i. America’s core ideals are rooted in the Euro heritage (British framework and tradition) of the first white settlers who came searching for freedom to practice religion and greater measure of self-govt (NOT to develop a new way of life) ii. 1 st wave – people left countries b/c they can’t make it work elsewhere (debtors, religious fanatics, criminals…usually people that weren’t getting by); 2 nd wave – people looking for economic opportunity, seeking a better life iii. A defining characteristic of the American political system is its
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