Gen Lecture Guide Disorders F17(1).docx

Gen Lecture Guide Disorders F17(1).docx - Lecture Guide...

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Lecture Guide Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders _ Fall 2017 Based in part on the text: Exploring Psychology by Myers and DeWall (10 th ) Introduction: Psychological disorders Major part of psych study and practice useful to think of psych disorders as medical diseases called the medical model What criteria are used to determine whether a disorder is present? (include examples) Psych Disorders involve one or both of these: 1. Maladaptive behavior: everyday functioning impaired 2. Personal distress: disrupted internal experience What about deviance? (and danger?) - Break accepted/ expected social norms Vocabulary: 1. Diagnosis: label -Label for a cluster of symptoms Benefits? explanation for client communication treatment ideas access to services Drawbacks? possible misdiagnosis- overdiagnosis focus on negative self- fulfilling prophecy prejudice/ discrimination/ stigma/ judgement Classics exist but generally not that easy : lots of overlap many symptoms extremes of typical many qualify for >1 (at a time or over time) 1
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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM 5) Manual of disorders and their symptoms published by the American Psychiatric Association system used in the U.S. More than 250 disorders Intern Syndrome (psychology student syndrome) BEWARE! Over- identify with disorders you learn about… (think you have them) If in doubt- seek a consult (reassure/ provide help) Does Treatment Help? (Evaluating Psychotherapy) For most (80-90%) therapy is effective with or without medication Certain types work best for certain issues Cognition- behavioral works for many Elements of successful treatments
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