Gen Lecture Guide Chapter 7 F17.doc

Gen Lecture Guide Chapter 7 F17.doc - Lecture Guide Chapter...

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Lecture Guide Chapter 7: Learning Gen Psych F17 Based in part on the text: Exploring Psychology : by Myers and DeWall (10 th edition) What is Learning? - Change in behavior (or knowledge) due to experience - Ability to profit from experience - Vs. maturation (changes that happen regardless of what is going on in the environment) Three kinds of learning: Classical Conditioning: - Think automatic, reflexive, unintentional, no control - Associate stimuli that occur together - Something new triggers an old response Operant Conditioning: - Think voluntary- you do to get a reward/avoid punish - Associate behavior with consequences Observational Learning: - Learn by watching - copy others 1. Things to know about Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov (early 1900’s) – - Russian physiologist - Discovered classical conditioning Classical conditioning – - Learn to make an old response to new stimulus o E.g. : dogs making saliva before seeing the food Pic on PP Four components of classical conditioning: ( Unconditioned means: (before training) (occurs naturally) (meaningful)) ( Conditioned means: (learned) (trained)) 1. Unconditioned stimulus (US) – Natural (meaningful) trigger (automatic cause) Original cause of the response 2. Unconditioned Response (UR) – Natural (automatic) effect Biological or emotional in nature 3. Conditioned stimulus (CS) – Learned trigger (used to be neutral) Becomes associated with US The new cause 4. Conditioned response (CR) – Learned effect (actually = UR) 1
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Same response but do now for new reason How it works: (see textbook or selected slides on Blackboard Learn) Cheat sheet - US- original cause - UR- natural biological or emotional effect -
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