MIll _ Utilitarianism Notes.pdf - MIll Utilitarianism How to judge right and wrong(Science vs Ethics Mill believes very little set of standards have

MIll _ Utilitarianism Notes.pdf - MIll Utilitarianism How...

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MIll : Utilitarianism How to judge right and wrong (Science vs. Ethics) Mill believes : very little set of standards have been made to judge right and wrong Argues in sciences: common to have disagreement about such bases In science → particular truths can still have meaning (even if we don’t understand the principles underlying them) In ethics : a statement unfounded upon a generally accepted theoretical basis (has little validity at all) Unlike science → all action exist to forward a particular end Rules of action depend on what ends are being pursued Argues: in order to know what morality dictates (it is necessary to know what standards should human action be judged) Moral Instinct Whether the existence of moral instinct would eliminate the need for determining the foundation of morality Argues IT DOES NOT→ 1) Existence of such moral sense = disputable 2) Even if sense exist - it does not tell us whether something is right/ wrong in a certain case Instinct → supplies only general principles Application of general laws to specific cases = constitute morality itself

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