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There are many recurring themes that surround the ideology of these philosophers. When it comes to the idea of happiness, it is, universally, the ultimate end for all people. We can attain it through many methods discussed by these philosophers. In this paper, I will reflect and show my understanding of the 7 philosophers and their concept of how to attain happiness. Edith SteinEdith Stein's philosophy guides us to understand empathy for others by first understanding the union of the living body and physical body. She begins by talking about perspective using phenomenological reduction, which is a better way understand or analyze something by suspending what judgment we have about the natural world. However, using this may not apply to human sense, such as empathy. Stein gave an example of her friend has lost a loved one. Because the empathy in the subject that Stein faces is not her own, she then enters into a realm of subjectivity. Focusing on the philosophy of empathy, Stein points out the distinctions between the bodies. The physical body perceives the sensory data. However, if there is no sensory data, we will always have a constant sense of embodiment, given outside of sensory data, due to our living body. With the example of one desiring to express a cheerful feeling, but the physical body is too tired to do so, Stein refers to it as the consciousness of "I" always bound to the body. When you understand the relationship between your physical and living body, you have to act as if the foreign physical body is your own body, by transposing your living body into their physical body, forming an empathetic representation. You could do so through fantasy or past experiences. Only through the proper understanding of our own sense of embodiment and nature of body are we able to comprehend the empathy for the foreign
individual. Stein relates this philosophy to feminism. She argues that there are two species of human: man and woman. Within them, the relationship between the soul and the body is different. Based on her thoughts on empathy and intersubjectivity, if the foreign individual's physical body is different, man or woman, then it should affect the comprehension between them. PlatoSocrates, through Plato, argues that Happiness and Virtue are interdependent factors. Happiness depends on our desire to pursue virtue and knowledge because they are considered as the higher pleasures of a just life. Socrates argues that health in the body is parallel to justice in the soul. All men want to be healthy and health is simply the harmony of different parts of the body. Just as justice, is the harmony of different parts of the soul. By redefining the conventional concept of happiness, Socrates defines happiness in terms of internal benefits as opposed to external ones. Living a virtuous life will bring greater pleasure than living an unvirtuous life.With an unjust life, it brings factors such as stress and anxiety, which becomes unhealthy for the mind. However, peace of mind is not the highest pleasure of the just life. Socrates argues that