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Aristotle - Nicomachean EthicsAristotle - Happiness is the ultimate end and purpose of human existence. Happiness is achieved through exercise of virtue. (acquiring moral character, virtue - mean) What is the ultimate purpose of Human Existence?What is the goal for which we should direct all our activity to?●Aristotle claims: nearly everyone would agree that happiness is the ends which meets all these requirements (ultimate end - end which is desirable in itself and never for sake of something else) ●Easy to see what we desire = money, pleasure, honor (because we believe these goods will makes us happy) ●All other goods = means to obtaining happiness ○While happiness = end in itself What is Happiness?●Happiness is final end that encompasses the totality of one’s life ○Not something that can be gained or loss in a few hours (like pleasurable sensations) ○It is the ultimate value of your life (measures how well you lived up to your full potential as a human being) ○You can not tell whether you have lived a happy life until it is overAristotle: view of nature●Draws from 4 different kinds of things that exist (different level of purpose) ○Mineral : rocks, lifeless things goal : come to rest (inanimate object w/ no soul)