• Module II Job Analysis; Job Descriptions, Job Specification - Human Resource Inventory - Career Management; Career Planning, Career Paths, Career Anchors, Career Development. • [email protected]
JOB • A job/work is a bundle of related tasks. • Work is to understood as physical and mental activity that is carried out at a particular place and time, according to instructions, in return for money. [email protected]
Job Analysis • Job analysis is a formal and detailed examination of jobs . • It involves collection of information such as task, duties and responsibilities of the job and should include Knowledge, skills and abilities(KSA) the employee should process to discharge a job effectively. [email protected]
Nature of Job Analysis • Job Task: • An identifiable work activity carried out for a specific purpose, example: typing a letter • Job Duties: • A duty is a larger work segment consisting of several tasks, that are performed by an individual. (example: pick up, sort out, delivering Mail) • Job responsibilities : • Are obligations to perform certain tasks and duties [email protected]
Uses of job analysis • Human resource planning • Recruitment • Selection • Placement and orientation • Training • Counseling • Employee safety • Performance appraisal • Job design and redesign • Job evaluation [email protected]
The process of job Analysis • Organizational analysis. • Selection of representative positions to be analyzed. • Collection of job analysis data. • Preparation of job description. • Preparation of job specification. [email protected]
Methods of Collecting Job Analysis Data • Job performance • Personal observation • Critical incidents • Interview • Panel of experts • Diary method • Questionnaire method • The position analysis questionnaire (PAQ) (194 job elements in to 6 general categories) • Management position Description questionnaire(MPDQ) (208 job elements in to 13 general categories) [email protected]
Methods of Job Analysis • Observation Method • Analyst observes incumbent • Directly • Videotape • Useful when job is fairly routine • Workers may not perform up to expectations [email protected]
Methods of Job Analysis • Interview Method • Individual • workers are interviewed individually • The answers are consolidated into a single job analysis • Group • Employees are interviewed simultaneously • Group conflict may cause this method to be ineffective [email protected]
Methods of Job Analysis • Questionnaires • Employees answer questions about the job’s tasks and responsibilities • Each question is answered using a scale that rates the importance of each task [email protected]
Methods of Job Analysis • Diary Method • Employees record information of their daily tasks into diaries • Record the time it takes to complete tasks • Must be over a period of several weeks or months [email protected]
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- Fall '16
- Human Resource Management