Final Exam Study Guide.pdf - HY 104 Final Exam Study Guide...

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HY 104 Final Exam Study GuideFebruary 25, 20161.Billie Holiday “strange fruit”- refers to people hanging after being lynched. Raised awareness that this was still happening in America 2.Hoovervilles- shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression of the early 1930s3.FDR- 32nd President of the United States; elected four times; institutedNew Deal to counter the Great Depression and led country during World War II4.First new deal- the legislative and administrative program of President F. D. Roosevelt designed to promote economic recovery and social reform during the 1930s5.Bank holiday- day in which banks are officially closed6.FDIC- The federal deposit insurance corporation, backs banks on individual deposits up to $250,0007.Glass Steagal Act- limited commercial bank securities, activities, and affiliations within commercial banks and securities firms8.NIRA- National industrial recovery act of 1933 – allowed businesses to come together and decide wages and prices9.PWA- The public works administration; New Dealgovernment agency (1933–39) designed to reduce unemployment and increase purchasing power through the construction of highways and public buildings10.CCC- The civilian conservation corps 1933 – way to give young men jobs by giving them public relief jobs such as railroads, national parks, etc.11.TVA- The Tennessee valley authority; federal agency that controlsthe electricity, irrigation and flood control from the dams and reservoirs along the Tennessee River12.FHA- Federal housing authority 1934; provides loans to private banks who then loan money out to home buyers13.AAA- Agricultural adjustment act 1933; provides federal funds to farmers to keep them afloat in this time14.Dust bowl- Oklahoma, Kansas, and northern Texas affected by severe soil erosion (caused by windstorms) in the early 1930s, which obliged many people to moveCentral question: what steps did FDR take to halt the depression in his first term?March 3, 20161.1938 CBS broadcast- 2.WPA- works progress administration; created in 1935, creates millions of jobs where people built railroads, bridges, roads, etc.3.Resettlement- Resettlement administration (1935-1936); moved struggling families from dust bowl areas into communities planned by the federal government, smart plan but doesn’t really work
4.Bureau of reclamation 1902- oversees water resource management, specifically as it applies to the oversight and operation of the diversion,delivery, and storage projects that it has built throughout the western United Statesfor irrigation, water supply, and hydroelectric power5.Hoover Dam- massive dam on the Arizona-Nevada border which not only provides water, but becomes single largest provider of electricity in the US6.Second New Deal- term used to describe the second stage, 1935-36, ofthe New Dealprograms of FDR7.Ogallala- a water table tapped into on the great planes to help prevent another dust bowl8.Social security act of 1935- provide for the general welfare by establishing a system of Federal old-age benefits for retired, disabled, unemployed, etc.

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