History.docx - History 2\/27 Mon The main points The fruits of the Scientific Revolution or the scientific developments that it generated as well as the

History.docx - History 2/27 Mon The main points The fruits...

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History2/27 MonThe main points:The fruits of the Scientific Revolution, or the scientific developments that it generated, as well as the Enlightenment(계몽운동), provided the foundation of gender difference as unquestionable scientific “truth”.The Enlightenment rationalized separate spheres for men and women and this led to fundamental inequalities in the acquisition(취득, 습득)and production of knowledge, while naturalizing gender inequalities.Prior to the 19thcentury, a well-respected and separate domain from “high medicine.”This new idea of nation in the 19thcentury reshaped political goals and methods:The strength of the nation is identified with the strength and health of its resources, productive capacities, and homogeneity of its citizenry.Children come to be seen as national resources as future workers and citizens.National governments start paying more attention to birth rates, infant mortality, education, and racial/ethnic backgrounds of children.3/1 WedIndustrialization placed stresses on society that led to concerns about its effect on the family, specifically the patriarchal structure of that unit.The ideal structure was a separate spheres model-woman as guardian of the home and man inthe public as the primary wage earner.Industrialization put women in the workforce and generally into the world, and the Victorian middle class ideal increasingly suffocating(숨 막히게 하다) for many women.The working condition for the poor society was horrible. All the family members were economic sources in society, and that led the collapse of patriarchal structure.The “women question”-This was the term used to refer to the debate over the proper role of women in society.-Industrialization brought about stresses in Victorian society that give rise to various middle class reform movements. These movements were related to the stresses of industrialization on the family unit.-What emerges is a focus on Victorian values based on a reinforcement of strict gendered hierarchies in the home and family.-Most importantly, the middle-class Victorian ideal of family was one in which wives were fully subordinate to their husbands as the “angels of home and heart.The Victorian Middle classes Wanted
-Order a security or property and person, to consume the new products of the industrialage.

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