APUSH Unit 7 Notes - Chapter 23 Student Grant ran against Horatio Seymour(Democrat Thomas nast created boss tweed cartoon Liberal Republican party

APUSH Unit 7 Notes - Chapter 23 Student Grant ran against...

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Chapter 23 Student Grant ran against Horatio Seymour (Democrat) Thomas nast--- created boss tweed cartoon Liberal Republican party nominated Greeley and was endorsed by the democrats in 1872 Grant stood by the metallic currency “Gilded Age” by Mark Twain Rutherford B. Hayes became the republican and Samuel J. Tilden was the democratic and neither won the vote Compromise of 1877--- hayes would become president but military reconstruction would end Electoral Count Act--- 15 representatives would choose the president Plessy v. Ferguson --- legalized and defined segragation Chinese Exclusion Act prevented chinese immigration James A. Garfield 1880 election republican party and ran against Arthur James A. Garfield won but was assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau Spoils system--- people loyal to the political party would get the position The Pendleton Act of 1883--- made capeign contributions from federal employees illegal Republicans- James G. Blaine Democrats- Grover Cleveland 1884 Cleveland won Chapter 24 Student Outburst of railroad building Much construction was done by the Irish and Chinese ● Cornelius Vanderbilt Stock watering --- lying about value of stocks to increase value Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad Company V. Illinois case said that interstate commerce could not be regulated by states Interstate commerce act--- required railroad rates to be reasonable, just and public VERTICAL INTEGRATION-- combining all parts of a company from marketing to mining Horizontal integration-- creating one big company by overtaking others Steel became the mighty metal in America. Sherman antitrust act--- did not allow trusts Labor Unions Child labor was the number one issue People strike because of hours, conditions and wages Union’s power flows with the economic power Knights of labor--- They wanted a 8 hour work day, abolition of child and prison labor, worker owned factories, equal pay for men and women, prohibition of foreign labor
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contract and abolition of national bank. Anarchists--- AFL-- Samuel Gompers-- catered to skilled workers, wanted national legislation, national strike fund, mediated disputes between management of labor and pushed for closed shops Homestead steel strike--- the military was called after workers went on strike and the doors of the factory was closed The pullman strike of 1894--- Railroad strike where workers began to get angery becasue their wages were getting lowered PRESIDENTS: Washington Jefferson Jackson Roosevelt x2 Regan Eisenhower Adams Cleveland: Debs: Starts socialist party IWW (Industrial workers of the world) karl Marx wanted a classless society Mother Jones--- Help rganize united farm workers-- one of the founding members of IWW Unions are democrats The SC dictated a liberal leneance feel Political machines- getting immigrants to vote a certain way by bribing them With inventions of steel came intvention of skyskrapers Melting pot-- assymilate
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