Unit 9 APUSH Chapter 28 Book ● The reform movements started w/ the Greenback Labor Party and Populists party ● Jacob A Riis wrote about dirt and disease in New York in How The Other Half Lives ● People in the SOCIAL GOSPEL promoted christian teachings ● Roosevelt branded social upheavals as MUCKRAKERS who published the muck who were all but revolutionary -- they were interrupted by WWI ● Progressives were diverse but had two main goals-- curb monopolies power w/ states and improve life/ labor of everyday citizen ● Initiative --- voters could directly propose legislation themselves ● Referendum- -- laws on the ballot for final approval by the people ● Recall --- allow voters to remove faithless office holders ● Australian ballot ---prevented big corporations from bribing legislators ● 17th amendment --- direct election of senators ● Settlement houses gave woman the confidence to stand of in the reform movement and they organized in the National Consumers League, Women’s Trade Union League, Children’s Bureau and the Department of Labor ● Muller v. Oregon --- Pushed SC to accept laws protecting women workers ● Lochner v. New York --- invalidated a law in NY for a 10 hour work day for bakers ● **** Change over time--- 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Company-- conditions got so bad that the building lit on fire and many dies ----BANGLADESH ● Women’s Christian Temperance Union was the largest organization of women in the world ● Roosevelt’s 3 C s or the “Square Deal” -control of corporations, consumer protection & conservation of resources ● Roosevelt made the Bureau of Corporations & the Department of Commerce & Labor ● Elkins Act 1903 - -- Heavy fines on railroads and shippers involved with rebates ● Hepburn Act 1906 --- Free passes (bribery) was restricted and gave the Interstate Commerce Commission more power to control rates ● The Northern Securities decision (JPMorgan) sent down by the SC orders the Northern Securities Company to dissolve after Roosevelt trust busted them ● Meat Inspection act of 1906 ---preparation of meat shipped between states is subject to federal inspection ● Pure Food and Drug act --- made to prevent the mislabeling of food and drugs ● Desert Land Act of 1877 --- Fed gov. sold arid land cheap we/ promise that owner would irrigate and “water” the land ● Forest reserve act of 1891 ---president can set aside public forests as national parks ● Newlands Act of 1902 ---Fed. gov. could collect money from sale of public lands and use the funds for irrigation projects ● Fed gov. allowed a dam to be built in the middle of the Hetch Hetchy Valley at Yosemite ●
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