Chapter 27 Student ● On February 15, 1898 the Maine mysteriously blew up in Havana harbor, with a loss of 260 soldiers. ● Congress also adopted the Teller Amendment in 1898, which proclaimed to the world that when the U.S. had otherthrow Spanish rule, it would give Cuba its own freedom. ● America obtained Guam and Puerto Rico from Spain in 1898. ● The Anti-Imperialist League was a diverse group of people, including Twain and Carnegie, who protested colonial oversight in the Philippines. ● Foraker Act of 1900 : gave Puerto Ricans minimal popular government and outlawed cockfighting. In 1917, Congress granted them U.S. citizenship but withheld full self-rule ● In the Insular Cases (1901), the SC ruled that the Constitution didn’t have full authority to deal with the islands (Cuba and Puerto Rico), giving Congress the power to do whatever it wanted with the islands ● Platt Amendment: Three major parts ○ 1. The U.S. could intervene if anarchy broke out to restore order ○ 2. The U.S. could trade freely with Cuba ○ 3. The U.S. was allowed two bays for naval bases (Guantánamo Bay) ● Philippine Commission, 1899, was formed by P. McKinley to deal with Filipinos. Later taken over by William Howard Taft who adored the Filipinos ● The Boxer Rebellion of 1900 was an uprising in China directed against foreign influence. ● The Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of 1901 nullied the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850 by letting Americans build a canal in Central America. ● Roosevelt Corollary: in further cases of debt issues, the U.S. will intervene on European behalf to keep the Monroe Doctrine intact. ● “Bad Neighbor” Policy = the corollary was used to justify mild violations of the Platt Amendment ● The U.S. signed the Root-Takahira agreement in 1908 that pledged for both powers to respect each other’s territorial possessions in the Pacific, and also to uphold the Open Door policy in China. Imperialism--- American becomes a Colonial party ● Washington’s farewell address---Monroe Doctrine---Roosevelt corollary ● Upsurge of nationalism in 1812 ●
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