APUSH Unit 6 Notes - Unit 6 Chapter 20 Book lincoln south and north couldnt really separate because they had no land devide When south seceded they took

APUSH Unit 6 Notes - Unit 6 Chapter 20 Book lincoln south...

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Unit 6 Chapter 20 Book lincoln- south and north couldnt really separate because they had no land devide When south seceded they took us southern forts w/ them but FORT SUMTER was left and lincoln wanted to resolve peacefully and sent troops but South C open fired Union needed to defend honor from Sumter and lincoln called for troops 11 states seceded in all (4 after sumter) WEST VIRGINIA made a new state out of itself and joine the border states in union (states having slavery but loyal to union) border states were loyal was because lincoln didn’t declare he was abolishing slavery Lincoln wanted to save the union at all costs Most western indians sided with the south (some cherokees sided with union) Families were split by one bro going to union and other south South had most talented officers but south lacked factories (lack of supplies) and hunger was caused by breakdown of transportation Economy was weakness for south and strength for north who controlled the sea North had more manpower b/c of bigger population and more immigrants South needed foriegn intervention to win but most sided with north But Britian needed southern cotton but the surplus from 1857- 1860 created a stock of cotton but it ran out creating a famon of cotton During the war the north made grain and wheat w/ reaper TRENT AFFAIR- -union stopped brittish ship (trent) taking 2 diplomats heading to europe and confederacy hoped it would start war between britian and union THE ALABAMA--- f lew confed flags but was manned by british 1863-- LAIRD RAMS--to confed. ships constructed by sons of britian and were more dangerous that the ALABAMA but were not used cause britian didnt want to cause war Irish americans got angry and revolted in canada in 1866 Britian established the DOMINION OF CANADA IN 1867 Napoleon sent people to the west hoping US woul be to week to defend monroe doctrine The fed gov. could not rationally deny stated the right to secede Lincoln was structured while Davis (confed.) was week When war erupted lincoln increased army size (only congress can do) and advanced 2 mil $ without appropriation, suspended WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS Which is where defendants could Seek help from court by filling out an application Davis couldnt gain controle because of states righters 1863 union ran out of volunteers and enacted a bill for drafting unfair to poor NEW YORK DRAFT RIOTS were mobs protesting lincoln’s bill South resorted to conscription (drafting) in 1862 Income tax was created/ MORRILL TARIFF ACT---replaced tariff of 1857 (boosted tariffs) GREENBACKS___ 1863 NATIONAL BANKING SYSTEM SOuth was experiencing runaway inflation because of printing money A millionare class emerged for the first time in north cause of business growth Sewing machine halped north economically with clothes for soldiers Grian in north helped dethrone king cotton HOMESTEAD ACT OF 1862-
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