APUSH Midterm Chapter 30 ● 1917 germany announced their decision to wage unrestricted submarine warfare ● Zimmerman Note--- a message from Germany to Mexico offering a secret alliance ● 1917 america declared war ● Wilson made the 14 points address for world peace ● The committee on Public Information needed to convince US that war was a good idea ● Espionage Act of 1917 and the Sedition Act of 1918 showed US hatred and fear towards germans ● Congress made a drafting for all men ● The war helped with women's suffrage and the 19th amendment gave it to them Chapter 27 ● Teller amendment--- U.S. would help Cuba gain independence and then withdraw all its troops from the country. ● Anti- imperialist league protested the military action in the philippines ● T he Insular cases said that full constitutional rights were not guaranteed to anyone under american rule ● Platt Amendment: Three major parts ○ 1. The U.S. could intervene if anarchy broke out to restore order ○ 2. The U.S. could trade freely with Cuba ○ 3. The U.S. was allowed two bays for naval bases (Guantánamo Bay) ● The Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of came after the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty and let Americans build a canal in Central America ● “Bad Neighbor” Policy = the corollary was used to justify mild violations of the Platt Amendment Chapter 23 ● Grant ran against Horatio Seymour (Democrat ● Thomas nast--- created boss tweed cartoon ● Grant stood by the metallic currency ● “Gilded Age” by Mark Twain ● Rutherford B. Hayes became the republican and Samuel J. Tilden was the democratic and neither won the vote ● Compromise of 1877--- hayes would become president but military reconstruction would end ● Electoral Count Act--- 15 representatives would choose the president
● Plessy v. Ferguson --- legalized and defined segregation ● Chinese Exclusion Act prevented chinese immigration ● James A. Garfield 1880 election republican party and ran against Arthur ● James A. Garfield won but was assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau ● Spoils system--- people loyal to the political party would get the position ● The Pendleton Act of 1883--- made campaign contributions from federal employees illegal ● Republicans- James G. Blaine and Democrats- Grover Cleveland 1884 Cleveland won ● Republicans campaigned for grant by WAVING THE BLOODY SHIRT ● The Credit Mobilier scandal in 1872 ----- many congressmen employed themselves in railroad companies to make a high profit ● Panic of 1873--- the economy was expanding too rapidly ● Creditors wanted deflation and debtors wanted inflation of cheap money ● Resumption act of 1875 called for government to withdraw greenbacks ● Hard money gave way to the Greenback Labor Party in 1878 ● Political parties used PATRONAGE or giving immigrants jobs for their vote ● The civil rights act of 1875--- prohibited racial discrimination in jury and in public spaces ● This officially ended reconstruction 1877 ● Blaine ran for pres against Grover Cleveland Democrat in an election that was about personality ●
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