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Unformatted text preview: Civics
Unit 1: Power, Authority, and Government
Chapters 1-2 Chapter 1
Nature of Power, Politics, and Government Power and Government (1.1)
• Define Power, Authority,
and Government as we
read Chapter 1.1.
• How do they relate to
one another? How are
they different? Five Sources of Power
1. Formal Authority: power obtained by a person’s position
within an institution or organization
2. Expertise: power gained by knowledge or skills
3. Coercion: power obtained by force or the ability to punish
4. Rewards: Power gained by the ability to give a reward,
like money, responsibility, or praise
5. Persuasion: power to influence people.
Write down a person that holds each type of power.
They can be famous or not. Legitimacy
As you read the last section of 1.2, answer the questions in your
1. Define legitimacy
2. How did each of the following doctrines determine legitimacy?
• Mandate of Heaven, Divine Right of Kings, Social Contract Theory
3. What gives a person elected to the US Presidency legitimacy?
Legitimacy and the US Presidency: Do we have a crisis in presidential
legitimacy? What events in the past 3-4 months have led to concerns
about the legitimacy of the electoral process? The Foundations of Government
What are public goods?
Three main purposes of
● A product or service that
is available for all people
● Maintaining public order
to consume whether they
● Protecting life and
pay for it or not. The
consumption of the
● Providing Public goods
product by one does not
What are key powers that are
essential for providing
protection and public goods?
a. Means of coercion
b. Means of revenue keep another from
○ Parks, schools,
• Nation: a group of people who share a common ethnic origin,
culture, and language.
• State: is a geographical area controlled by a single government.
Nation-states share these four characteristics:
4. ________: occupies a specific geographic
territory, with internationally recognized
________: has people living permanently
within its boundaries.
________: the people of a nation-state
agree to live under a common legal system.
________: is independent and
self-governing. Match the words
● Code of laws Politics:
As your read 1.4 take notes on each of the following topics
• Definition of Politics • Political Activity has Purpose • Political Activity involves Collective Action • Institutions define Political Activity (be sure to define institutions) 5 Political Games(1.5)
“Winning by Giving to Get” Walkout
“Winning by refusing to play” Power Struggle
“Winning by being smarter and
stronger than the opposition? Demolition Derby
“Winning by wiping out the
opposition” Civil Disobedience
“Winning taking the moral high
ground” Description Example 5 Political Games(1.5)
Game Description Example Horse Trading Uses negotiation and bargaining to create
a win-win situation. A teenager negotiates
with their parents for a
later curfew Walkout Refusing to give in to the opposition,
forcing them to give you something you
want A group of workers goes
on strike or the
government shuts down
because of refusal to sign a
budget. Power Struggle An attempt to outfox or overpower an
opponent. Two employees try to
outdo each other for a
promotion. Demolition Derby An attempt to destroy your enemy.
Jailing political opponents
Although it can be physical, it often refers
or ruining someone’s
to making them lose their standing.
reputation. Civil Disobedience Deliberately disobeying a law that is
Civil Rights Movement or
believed to be unjust in order to highlight Gandhi’s movement in
the issue and force change.
India GCE: Political Games Activity
The politics of the CFA Hallway
• FIRST: Take 2 minutes to silently re-read the section of your
assigned political game.
• SECOND: Each table will quietly discuss their assigned political
game with their group to be sure that each person understands.
Your assigned game is a secret from other groups. (Teams may
move into the hall/office to discuss and plan)
• Each group will devise a 1 minute skit demonstrating your assigned
– Your skits should be based on how your game may play out
among students and/or teachers in the hallways of CFA.
– The partners must be able to clearly connect their skits to their
assigned political game.
After the skit, the audience will try to figure out which game their
skit addresses. HGCE: Political Games Assignment Chapter 2
Comparing Forms of Government Bellwork: Answer the following questions
1. In your opinion, which one of the following people or groups
should have the power to make the rules at your school,
and why? What are advantages or disadvantages of each?
• Student Council
• Student Body
• Other (specify)
2. Which group typically makes the rules at this school? Why
do you think this is?
3. Are there groups/people you believe should not make the
rules? Historical Forms of Government
• Democracy vs. Republic (Greece v. Rome)
• Absolute vs. Constitutional Monarchies
– An authoritarian government that tries to control
almost every aspect of its citizens lives
– Totalitarian governments are not all the
same--different goals Three Historical Forms of Totalitarianism
**All suppress opposition Communism
Example: Soviet Union 1.
3. Communist party hold control
State should rule economy
Hostile to religion and individual
Example: Italy between WWI and
3. Dictator holds power
Glorification of military Nazism
Example Germany during WWII 1.
3. Belief in racial superiority
Elimination of minorities
Rejection of civil liberties Forms of Government--Modern World (Chapter 2.3)
Theocracy Single Party
Democracy Description Pros Cons Country Reports Chapter 2.4
Systems of Government: HOW is the power distributed?
Systems of Govt.
Examples Description Pros Cons Diagram Systems of Government Regional Regional National Regional A. Unitary System: Power Concentrated at the
Pros: National unity; laws same throughout
Cons: National govt. may not meet the needs of
Examples: Japan; most nations
B. Federal System: Power divided between
central/national gov. and regional gov.
Pros: flexible to meet local needs
Cons: Conflict between regional and national
laws; different laws in diff. areas
Examples: US, India
C. Confederal Systems: Regions are indep. but
work together for common goals
Pros: meets local needs; sovereignty
Cons: Central Government cannot resolve
Examples: Early US Gov, European Union Economic Systems
A. Traditional: economy based on habit and customs
• Pros: typically self-sufficient
Cons: very little choice or trade, low standard of living B. Market: economy where producers and consumers make
the decisions with very little govt. Interference
• Pros: efficiency
Cons:can lack stability and create a big income gap C. Command: economy where the government makes most
• Pros: more equality, basic needs met
Cons: Less freedom, not efficient D. Mixed: market economy with some government
• Pros: stability, growth
Cons: not as much freedom, can lack efficiency Review ...
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- Spring '18