Winter 2018 Transnational Gangs Quiz 2.docx - Week 4 Tuesday How do you identify gang members Myth gang members are not smart most of them are high

Winter 2018 Transnational Gangs Quiz 2.docx - Week 4...

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Week 4 Tuesday“How do you identify gang members?”Myth: gang members are not smart, most of them are high school drop outs.oMost of gang members have average or above average intelligence.“Criminal Codes”Many states have a criminal code that defines a criminal street gang for the purposes of prosecuting a criminal case.All gangs fit a sociological definition of a gang BUT DO NOT fit the criminal code definitionAll gangs do not fit the Penal Code definition – only few gang members fit thisoPerceptional problemsSome people believe so and we now have to deal with a false positive “Meme”… any unit of cultural information, such as a practice or idea that gets transmitted verbally or by repeated action (Dawkins, 1989).Memes propagate themselves through culture, sort of like a virus.“Gang Culture”The meme vehicles have been music, the entertainment industry, media and technology like the:oInternet and cellular telephoneDuring the last 25 years nothing has changed and impacted life moreTelevision impactMyth: Look like a duck, walk like a duck, you are a duckoNot necessarily true today social memes can cause false positive in gang identification or membership for the purposes of criminal prosecution.Asian rapClassism, racism and biases created gangsThe effects of poverty and violence in other countries – technology – migration for QOL issues oImmigrant populations small percentage get involved in gangs in the U.S.The same mechanisms that facilitate globalization also help memes propagateUS gang type behaviors – Technology (music, books, etc.) – US gang type behaviors“Transnational gangs”A literature review suggests that there are at least five areas where transnational gangs operate globally

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