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1.28.08 clar 120

1.28.08 clar 120 - o Uruk phase(large part of the 4 th...

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1/29/08 Clar120 – missed last class. - Sumeria o Ubaid Period 5000 – 4000 BCE Spread of settlements Nucleation Agriculture (don’t know extent of it, though) Temples (Eridu) Increase in size and become more elaborate(showing increasing importance, more focus on expenditures/material culture/etc, investing more labor/craft specialization/etc) Become symbolically elaborate – finally, monumental (one of the characteristics of developed cities) Functionally elaborate as well in that there are more rooms, but symbolic = more impt Increase in size of temple seems to correspond with the increase of the size of the settlement and potentially the region surrounding the settlement Ziggurat (podium/mound where temple sits) – suggests continuity of cult activity and significance of symbolic spot for these activities Tendency toward monumentality of architecture/centrality of the temple
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Unformatted text preview: o Uruk phase (large part of the 4 th millennium 4000 – 3000 BCE, although there are some other cultural phases in there) Enormous aggregation/nucleation of population – definite cities Development o f cities and temples in the Ubaid period culminate in true cities and temple forms in this period Seemingly sudden rapid growth Intensive irrigation Systems, stamps, systems of keeping track of storage – begins in Ubaid phase but rapid proliferation of symbols and signs both inscribed and in model form in this phase • One of the earliest things is the use of tokens – little clay objects sometimes sealed in clay envelopes that were symbols that stood for different commodities Cuneiform – wedge-shape writing that indicate syllables; combine them to form words - stand for pictograms? One of the first writing we have record of...
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  • Spring '08
  • Haggis
  • Sumer, Ubaid, ubaid period, settlements Nucleation Agriculture, Sumeria o Ubaid, definite cities Development

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1.28.08 clar 120 - o Uruk phase(large part of the 4 th...

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