3.4.08 greece

3.4.08 greece - 3/4/08 - Greece from the Bronze Age...

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3/4/08 - Greece from the Bronze Age (Myceneans) to the Archaic - Located mostly on mainland of Greece, series of citadels or fortification sites - Linear B tablets (they wrote stuff down) – learned citadels were ruled by a wanax (king) who demanded tributes from his subjects – most linear b tablets are lists of who paid what o Required to work on state-run farms and give certain amount of produce to wanax who would redistribute it - Wanax o buried in elaborate tombs – ex of grave goods (bowl with warriors in boars tusk helmets, ex of actual helment) – crown, swords, golden masks, dagger sheath with scene of hunt (spent a lot of time hunting) – kings and gods got to hunt lions o Lived in a megaron (usually means something like a hall) – usually at center of site, included plan at top left (hearth in center, throne, and four columns) o 1200 – 1150 BC: series of destruction levels (characterized by evidence of destruction – burning, falling down buildings) – whole series of citadels that seemed to burn down at approximately the same time, however our chronological control on these sites is not fantastic. Probably burned down within a period of about 100 years of each other o Ugarit – modern day Syria – one of the burned sites – found series of tablets, one writing to king of Cyprus saying “they’re off the coast, we can see them, they’re coming, please send help” – obviously didn’t make it to Cyprus (found in oven, being baked to send at time of attack) o Mainland Greece – a lot of citadels burned down – beginning of the “dark age” in Greece, called for two reasons – 1 b/c we don’t know a lot about it 2 b/c no gold, writing [disappears for 800 years], monumental architecture Chart on bb. o Early Iron Age settlements – citadels go away, dispersed settlements – flourishing of smaller sites/villages Society seems to become centered around the houses of impt ‘big men’, chiefs, war lords – probably not leaders with official positions of power but people that tend to attract followers (like Iliad and Odyssey…guy who leads war parties and people follow him b/c he give them stuff) – but not sure, no writing to tell for sure Era connected with the fall of Troy – city of Troy actually does have burn layer, but doesn’t date to this era (a little bit earlier) Era usually associated with Doric Migrations [end of Late Bronze Age – Early Iron Age] – later Greek speakers speak different dialects which seem to coincide with the areas that ancient writers thought the Doric people invaded [Peloponese
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and Crete] – no archaeological evidence for this migration but the language provides some evidence o Geometric Period [850 – 700 BC] b/c lots of geometric pottery Had existed in dark ages but becomes much more elaborate around now Phenomenon of Synoikism [together + household] – coming together of people to
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course CLAR 120 taught by Professor Haggis during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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3.4.08 greece - 3/4/08 - Greece from the Bronze Age...

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