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APUSH Chapter 12 Supplementary Notes.docx - APUSH Chapter...

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APUSH Chapter 12 Supplementary Note: The War of 1812I.The British impressment of American sailorsA.Cause for War of 1812B.Disrupted shipping and was a violation of American sovereigntyC.There were many thousands of British sailors working aboard American ships somany of the sailors that the British captured were in fact BritishD.Citizenship at the time was a slippery concept especially on the sea1.Papers were forged and mainy sailors identified supposed Americannessthrough tattoos of eagles and flagsE.British sailors pretended to be Americans because England was fighting in theNapoleonic WarsF.Britain’s impressment policy allowed them both to disrupt American shipping toFrance and get new British sailors to strengthen their war effort which wasannoying to the Americans especially the French loving RepublicansII.AnglophobiaA.Cause of the War of 1812B.There was even a widespread rumor that British agents were buying upConnecticut sheep in order to sabotage the textile industryIII.War HawksA.Cause for the War of 1812B.Those who push for warC.Kentucky’s Henry ClayD.They took the impressment of sailors as an affront to American national honorE.Also complained that Britain’s action were an affront to free trade1.To be fair, the British did try to regulate American tradeF.The Orders in Council1.Required US ships to dock in Britain and pay tax before trading with otherEuropean nations2.A form of economic warfare3.The Orders had been put in place five years before the war started4.They were also rescinded in 1812 before the US declared warIV.CanadaA.Cause for the War of 1812B.According to the Virginia Congressman John Randolph, “Agrarian cupidity notmaritime rights urges the war”C.The relentless pursuit of new land certainly fits in with the Jeffersonian model ofan agrarian republicanV.Expansion into Native LandsA.Americans Were continuing to push westward into territories where Indians wereliving1.Louisiana PurchaseB.By the beginning of the war, more than 400,000 settlers had moved intoterritories west of the original 13 colonies1.Outnumbered American Indians by a significant marginC.

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Term
Fall
Professor
STEVE GEE
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