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3.6.08 notes

3.6.08 notes - Athens in the Archaic and Classical Periods...

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3/6/08 - Athens in the Archaic and Classical Periods Athens - Located near the sea; separate port connected - Minor Mycenaean citadel [20 -30 families] - 800s – synoikism – suddenly, Athens experiences explosion of population – the place to be – develops series of separate areas within the city - Agora [marketplace/town hall/city center/center of political action – downtown Manhattan] - Acropolis [sacred fortification – big rock – fortified in Mycenaean period – sacred center, a lot of votive activity – early sources saying it was a place you could go to when you were in trouble…like if you killed someone, run up and yell sanctuary] Rule of the Tyrants in Athens - Athens ruled by Archaeons (elected officials) until Peisistratos takes over illegally (only bad thing he did though) - 560 – 526 BCE: Peisistratos is tyrant of Athens - 526 – 510 BCE: (unpopular) rule of Peisistratos’ sons - 510 – 508 BCE: overthrow of tyrants and establishment of democracy The Agora - State/stone plan of agora o State/stone plan is what is actually on the ground – the rocks that we still have - Simplified/restored plan from about 500 BCE - Building F – big, has columns, generally made out of crappy material [not a monumental building] – some people think it’s the house of the tyrants, some say it’s a pottery workshop…later it will be replaced by a building that we know served as the headquarters of the main officials in charge [city hall] - Old Bouleuterion – the Council house of the council – meeting hall, had something to do with the running of the govt – in diagram, show seats (but we don’t know that for sure) – later on, replaced by another building that DID have seats - Archaic Temples (think they were temples bc they kind of look like them); one is rectangular, another apsidal (harder to roof this kind, so fancier) – apsidal one called “Temple of Apollo Patroos” – found a casting pit for a Bronze Kourus (male cult statue) – bronze still really expensive at this point - Royal Stoa (mid 6 th /early 5 th C BCE) – simple hall; colonnade/fancy lean –to – where you go to get out of the sun and conduct your business – king archaeon would pass judgments here (court, sort of) – Athenians loved litigation
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- Altar of the 12 gods – basically, a fence with a block inside – seems to be used for sacrifices to gods and as a measure point (athenians measure everything with this altar as the starting point) - Southeast Fountain House/ Enneakrounos – dates from about 520 BCE (right after death
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3.6.08 notes - Athens in the Archaic and Classical Periods...

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