Unit 1 Outline

Unit 1 Outline - The process of science I. Discovery...

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The process of science I. Discovery Science A. What is it? B. Examples 1. 2. C. Inductive reasoning – II. Hypothesis-Driven Science (Scientific Method) A. What is it? B. The steps: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. C. Mimicry example 1
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1. Observations – a. b. 2. Question – 3. Hypothesis – 4. Prediction – 5. Controlled experiment a. experimental group – b. control group- c. measure- 6. Results a. experimental group- b. control group – 7. Conclusion- D. Deductive Reasoning – 2
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E. Scientific Theory - UNIT 1: CELL BIOLOGY Macromolecules I. Introduction to macromolecules in the cell A. What is an organic compound? B. Four major macromolecules in the cell 1. 2. 3. 4. C. Macromolecules consist of: D. Condensation reaction (aka dehydration synthesis)- E. Hydrolysis- II. Carbohydrates A. Monomers (simple sugars) 1. Chem. formula: 2. Glucose 3. Fructose 4. Galactose B. Disaccharides 1. Lactose 2. Sucrose 3. Maltose C. Artificial sweetners 1. Why? 2. Examples: 3
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D. Poly sacch arides (complex carbohydrates) 1. Starch 2. Cellulose 3. Glycogen 4. Chitin III. Lipids - A. Triglyceride (a type of “fat”) 1. Monomers = 2. Polymer = 3. Unsaturated fats – 4. Saturated fats – B. Phospholipids- 1. Monomers = 2. Hydrophobic tails + hydrophilic heads = C. Waxes – 1. Monomers = 2. Important property- D. Steroids – 1. Monomers = 2. Hormones 3. Cholesterol 4
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IV. Proteins A. Amino acids 1. __ different amino acids 2. AA’s consist of: 3. AA’s have different: B. Polypeptides 1. Dipeptides – 2. Polypeptides- C. Protein structure 1. 1 o -structure- 2. 2 o 2. 3 o Fibrous proteins consist mostly of: Globular proteins consist of: 4. 4 o D. Structure and ______________ are linked E. Mutation in DNA 5
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F. Disease causing proteins: 1. Prion = 2. How prions affect other proteins - 3. Prions affect on host – G. Proteins have diverse functions— 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. V. Nucleic Acids A. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) 1. monomers = nucleotides, consist of: a. b. c. 2. Polymer = 3. Double helix structure= a. A- b. G – 6
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B. RNA (ribonucleic acid) 1. monomers = nucleotides, consist of: a. b. c. 2. Polymers = 3. RNA structure- 7
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What makes up a Cell? I. What Is “A Cell”? A. Components of All Cells 1. The cell is the smallest unit with the properties of life: 2. All cells have three features in common: a. b. c. 3. There are basically two kinds of cells in nature. a. b. B. Cell size is constrained by  C. The Cell Theory: Matthiums Schleiden, Theodor Schwann, and Rudolf Virchow  (early  to mid 1800’s) 1. . All organisms are composed of: 2.. The cell is the smallest unit having: 3. . The continuity of life arises directly from: 8
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D. All Living Cells Have Membranes 1. Phospholipid bilayer- 2. The___________________describes a cell membrane of mixed composition. a.
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Unit 1 Outline - The process of science I. Discovery...

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