History Final review.docx - UCLA History 1A FINAL REVIEW...

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UCLA History 1A FINAL REVIEW Identifications: Romulus and Remus: legendary twin founders of Rome. Said to be sons of Mars (roman god of war), and to have been set adrift to die but where rescued by Lupa, a she wolf who nursed them. Taken in by a shepherd who raised them. After the twins founded the city, Remulus murdered Remus over a disagreement. Aeneas: Trojan nobleman directed by the gods to found a new city. Reached Italy and settled in the area surrounding rome. This is another Roman foundation myth. Twelve Tables: 451-450 legislation that stood at the foundation of Roman law. First written/published roman code of laws, now everyone could know what the law was. It was a primitive law code, still on an early stage of its legal development. Notable for the harshness of its laws, comparable to Hammurabi’s code. Particularly infamous were the law of debt and the law that forbid intermarriage between patricians and pebleians. lex Hortensia (Hortensian law): 287BC plebiscita binding on all Roman citizens without ratification by Senate. End of the Struggle of the Orders. leges Liciniae Sextiae (Licinian-Sextian laws): 367BC, debt measure; limits on public landholding; abolition of military tribunes with consular power in favor of consuls. Hannibal: Led the Carthaginian army against Rome in the Second Punic War 218-201. The siege of Sedantum, an allied city of Rome, under the command of Hannibal Barca, was one of the immediate causes of the Second Punic War. Succeeded brilliantly in the first stages of battle, but eventually lost to the Roman forces. Cannae: Site of a major battle in 216 BC in the Second Punic War. Was a disaster for the Romans, and Hannibal’s finest hour. Ended in a major victory for Carthage. Zama: Site of a major battle in 202 BC in the Second Punic War. Marked the end of the power of Hannibal Barca, the leader of the Carthaginian forces. Final showdown of the Second Punic War, ended in a decisive victory for the Romans. This victory forced the Carthaginians to sue for peace, and the terms of the agreement were now even harsher than after the First Punic War. Tiberius Gracchus: The older Gracchus brother. He was elected tribune in 133 BC. He planned to break up the latifundia and restore the class of small independent farmers.

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