Chapter 12.docx - (Add 1,000 or more words beyond question word count of 1,820 Chapter 12 Personality Gateway Question 12.1 How do psychologists use the

Chapter 12.docx - (Add 1,000 or more words beyond question...

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(Add 1,000 or more words beyond question word count of 1,820) Chapter 12: Personality Gateway Question 12.1: How do psychologists use the term personality? Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_12.1.1 – Distinguish between what psychologists regard as personality and what is meant by a person’s character. o The combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual's distinctive character. Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_12.1.2 – Define the term personality traits; and explain how personality traits are inferred from a person’s behavior, can be used to predict future behavior, and even influence one’s health, marital success, and occupational success. o Personality traits reflect people's characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Personality traits imply consistency and stability—someone who scores high on a specific trait like Extraversion is expected to be sociable in different situations and over time. Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_12.1.3 – Define what is meant by personality types and provide examples of different personality types, including unhealthy ones; describe the characteristics of Carl Jung’s types known as introverts and extroverts; and explain the advantages and disadvantages of using types to classify personalities. o a collection of personality traits that are thought to occur together consistently, especially as determined by a certain pattern of responses to a personality inventory. Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_12.1.4 – Describe the term self-concept, including how it is formed and revised and how it guides one’s behavior and personal adjustment; and discuss the concept of self-esteem, including the basis for genuine self-esteem, the effects of high and low self-esteem, and the differences in how self-esteem is attained in Eastern and Western cultures. o an idea of the self constructed from the beliefs one holds about oneself and the responses of others. Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_12.1.5 – Describe a personality theory and how it is best judged; identify the distinguishing features of the trait, psychodynamic, humanistic, and behaviorist and social learning theories; and compare these theories regarding their strengths, weaknesses, developmental emphasis, and their views of human nature, conscience, barriers to personal growth, and whether a person’s behavior is free or determined. o Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristics behavior and though
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(Add 1,000 or more words beyond question word count of 1,820) Gateway Question 12.2: Can personality be measured? Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_12.2.1 – List the typical techniques used for personality assessment; compare these formal personality measures to more casual ways of judging people; and explain why these formal personality measures are often used in combination.
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