(Add 1,000 or more words beyond question word count of 1,964)Taylor Amato Chapter 11: Sex, Gender, and SexualityGateway Question 11.1: What are the basic dimensions of sex?Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_11.1.1 – Distinguish between the terms sex and gender; describe what it means to be transsexual; and discuss the complexity of sexual identity and how it is influenced by biology, socialization, and learning.oThe state of being male or female (typically used with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological ones).Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_11.1.2 – Explain the four dimensions of biologicalsex: genetic sex, gonadal sex, hormonal sex, and genital sex. oAssigned sex is a label that you’re given at birth based on medical factors, including your hormones, chromosomes, and genitals. Most people are assigned male or female, and this is what’s put on their birth certificates. When someone’s sexual and reproductive anatomy doesn’t seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male, they may be described as intersex.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_11.1.3 – Discuss how sexual development begins with one’s genetic sex by describing the XX and XY chromosomes and the variations known as Kleinfelter’s syndrome and Turner’s syndrome; and explain how one’s sexual development is then influenced by prenatal hormones secreted from both the gonads and theadrenal glands. oThough sexual development is typically associated with the teen years, in reality young kids develop an emotional and physical foundation for sexuality in many subtle ways from infancy. Physical and emotional changes become more dramatic and complex with the onset of puberty and into the teen years, and kids are likely to have lots of questions. By arming yourself with the facts, getting some sense of whatto expect, and being there to answer questions and offer guidance, you can be a trusted source of information, comfort, and support for your kids.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_11.1.4 – Explain how a person may be born with an intersexual condition due to androgen insensitivity syndrome, exposure to progestin, or congenital adrenal hyperplasia.o“Intersex” is a general term used for a variety ofconditionsin which a person is bornwith a reproductive or sexual anatomy that doesn't seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male. ... Or a person may be born with mosaic genetics, so that some of her cells have XX chromosomes and some of them have XY.
(Add 1,000 or more words beyond question word count of 1,964)Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_11.1.5 – Identify the primary and secondary sex characteristics in males and females; and define the terms menarche, ovulation, and menopause. oWhile humans are born with very obviousprimary sexcharacteristics (or body structures directly concerned with reproduction) that allows us to tell males from females, such as the penis in men and the vagina in women, secondarysexcharacteristics, on the other hand, are features which appear at puberty