Lecture10 - Introduction to Population Dynamics Course...

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    Introduction  to Population Dynamics  
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    Course Outline What is Demography? Basic population processes Definitions &   Measures Variations Theories   Secondary population  processes   Consequences of population  processes Classic perspectives Recent perspectives and  empirical studies
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    Main Issues  Explaining variation in fertility  behavior     What is theory? Types of theory   Main fertility theories   
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  TFR Trend Red < 2 declining population Yellow ~ 2 stable population Green 3 - 4 growing population Blue 4 + rapidly growing population Gray NA
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    Historical Trends     0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 #  of births per woman  World LDCs MDCS Global decline Higher fertility in LDCs,… .. But steeper declines in these countries in recent decades .. Below-replacement fertility in MDCs
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    Fertility Theories A proposed explanation for why fertility outcomes differ across populations Many theories of fertility They differ as follows: Economic vs. cultural Verbal or quantitative Demand or Outcomes Micro- or Macro-level Prediction vs. explanation Number, “quality,” spacing of “births”  
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    Current Fertility Theories Your own intuition Text book Ch 6:202-254 Notes
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